Volume 1, Issue 2
October 10, 1996
Editors: Mickey Jojola, and
Chuck and Mary Girven

Top of the Hill
Pinching Pennies
Public Relations
Bronze Boot Award
This Month's Feature
Boots and Blisters
Who's Who and New
On the Right Track
Web News
Classified Ads
Business as Usual
Gearing Up
Member Spotlight
Special Notes
Top of the Hill by Mike Dugger
We have seen significant changes this year in our team's policies and operating procedures. I believe these changes will make us more effective in providing search and rescue services to the community.

There have also been significant changes at the state level, although these have been somewhat less visible to us. The Incident Command System (ICS) has become THE protocol for managing SAR missions, and Rick Goodman, the state SAR resource officer, has made it clear that ICS is the only acceptable way to run a SAR mission. We need to do our part by observing proper procedures when communicating on the radio, and completing our field assignments as given to us by ICS staff, or negotiating with them if we feel there is a reason to alter the assignment.

A lack of field coordinators and significant numbers of SAR resources in district six (west of Albuquerque) will result in more calls for Cibola to respond in this area, far from our "home turf." As our reputation for fielding large numbers of highly trained searchers spreads, I expect that we will get more calls to help with large missions far from Albuquerque, when local resources have been depleted.

Continued change is in store at both levels. We have mentioned the concept of state certification of SAR personnel at previous business meetings. It appears that this concept is rapidly becoming a reality. Procedures are being developed to certify SAR volunteers in basic skills, such as map and compass, search techniques, radio usage, etc. Cibola SAR is in good shape, thanks to our training officer. We have been training in exactly the skills we will need individually to fulfill the certification requirements.

It is very likely that the state will require certification in the near future (early 1997), and regular training will become more important than ever. By definition, therefore, we will have a "rating" or "typing" system for members - those that are state certified and those that are not. In addition to this basic training, we will continue to train in areas in which we want to specialize, i.e. litter evacuation. As always, I welcome your input on how to develop this rating procedure.
Boots and Blisters by Larry Mervine
On October 1st at 7 p.m. Mike Dugger and Larry Mervine made a presentation to a group of 10-12 girl scouts aged 9 to 11, as part of Cibola's "preventative SAR," or educational function. They gave the scouts a review on avoiding and recognizing hypothermia, the ten essential items to take while hiking, and proper clothing and layering, as well as how to dress properly on a budget. The girls were very attentive and asked many questions. While going through his pack, Larry decided he was carrying too much. It was such a great experience, Mike and Larry agreed that every member should do a public presentation.
Business as Usual by John Mindock
I'm having a small problem determining exactly who has deployed for missions. Please be sure to leave a message on the hotline if you are deploying. If I don't see (or hear) you at a mission, I'll rely on the hotline to update attendance records. This is especially important for missions in District 6, where a turnaround is not unusual. You still get credit if you deployed and there was a turnaround. Note: pager #1 (or #2) needs to record who deployed (according to the hotline) and inform me at your convenience (if I don't E-mail you first). I prefer E-mail or Fax (281-0932). We now have over 50 names on our roster.

Highlights from the minutes of the August meeting:

  1. Members were cautioned to be professional in radio usage. Remember that many non-SAR people are listening.
  2. Members were informed of the consequences of freelancing. It is OK to suggest alternative assignments to the ICS staff. If the assignment is too dangerous, politely ask to be excused from it (or the mission).
  3. Marnie and Larry G. became active members.
  4. Contact Ken J. for information on the cell phone arrangement.
Pinching Pennies by Melissa Smith
I would like to take this opportunity to let you know, in case you missed the last business meeting, of the the very generous donation we received from Diane Sonsonetti of the Diane Sonsonetti Foundation. On September 12, at our September business meeting, Reed Burnett handed me a check in the amount of $1,500.00 made payable to Cibola Search and Rescue.

Kudos to Reed for having such a great choice of friends and colleagues, and again our deepest thanks to Diane for her thoughtful gift. I am sure that the budget and equipment committees will have many future discussions over how we can best put this to use.

REMINDER: Please turn in your gas vouchers each month at the business meeting for the missions which took place since the last business meeting. If you are unable to attend a meeting, or otherwise neglect to bring your completed gas vouchers and receipts, they can be mailed to me within one week following the business meeting. Should you still fail to miss this deadline, you can mail them directly to the State, along with a completed W-9 and be reimbursed directly (likely be taxed as income).
Who's Who and New
Marnie Boren and Larry Golden were voted in as members at the September business meeting. Regrettably, Patricia Fuller and David Kilby will not be joining our team.
Gearing Up by Ken Johnston and Chuck Girven
The Equipment committee met on September 18th at Logicon. Eight CSAR members attended and the following subjects were discussed:

  1. Low-angle litter equipment
    We received input from two sources suggesting equipment we should acquire. After discussion, it was decided to solicit a third opinion on some of the items.
  2. Maintenance schedules
    Maintenance schedules were discussed on existing and future equipment but a decision was made to wait until all purchases were made before implementing such a plan.
  3. Consumable cache
    This item was discussed but put on hold until more important needs were handled.
  4. Additional team equipment
    Additional team equipment such as pagers, GPS, radios, and CD software containing all the topo maps of NM were discussed,
  5. Ham radios
    Don Gibson brought up the point that District 6 has no SAR teams, and that CSAR and AMRC are being used as a resource for that area where radio use is restricted to mainly Ham frequencies. Therefore, it was suggested that we sponsor another Ham course to encourage more CSAR members to get their Ham license.
Public Relations by Chuck Girven
We've had favorable responses to our first newsletter. Copies were sent to Rick Goodman in Santa Fe as well as all members who did not attend the September business meeting (for which we had addresses). At the Helicopter training on September 14th, a copy was given to an AF Captain to give to the wing commander.

If anyone wishes to borrow one of the yearbooks to show friends, family, etc. or needs a copy of the newsletter, please contact Chuck.
On the Right Track by Mary Berry
Training a Search dog takes a lot of time, and not all dogs are suited for the job. Teaching a "new trick" usually requires 3-4 training sessions per week, or even daily. Once the dog knows the "trick," it takes almost as much training to maintain a high level of performance. This must continue for as long as he is expected to perform the "trick" at any given moment (like 2 a.m. on a cold, rainy Sunday night).

The CSAR dog handlers train several times a week. Early weekday evenings before it gets too dark are used for short training sessions, while weekend sessions are usually longer and require more planning. We use many training sites and vary them often so dogs don't get "to know" an area too well. Some of the places we train include Pine Flats, Doc Long, Three Gun Spring, Cienega Canyon, and the Rio Grande Bosque. The dog handlers keep pretty busy. If you need to contact one of us on a week night, you better pick the right two nights.

All of this training seems to be paying off. On October 5-6, the CSAR Canine Unit held a training and evaluation in the Pecos amid the changing aspen. All three dogs (Tuki, Jake, and J.C.) took Basic 1 and Basic 2 tests and passed! The Mission Ready Evaluation will to be tested out in the next few months. Training also went well, with many great opportunities near the campground. On Sunday morning we tried to convince the dogs to act sick during the patient assessment of the Canine First Aid Course (fortunately none of them cooperated). We had the place completely to ourselves and the weather was gorgeous. The outing was highlighted by a potluck dinner and a great pancake breakfast the next morning. Only more attendance by the team could have made it better. Thanks to Chuck Girven and Tiffany Jojola for their hiding abilities. We love having license to say "Get Lost."
Member Spotlight: Larry Mervine
It was running that got me interested in the outdoors. I ran cross country and track in high school in my home town of Akron, Ohio. Back then you would most likely find me running in the woods on rainy days or on cold wintery nights with big snowflakes falling.

The war in Vietnam was in full operation and the big moral issue when I graduated from high school. In college I started toward a major in sociology, then changed to anthropology, but dropped out after two years. I spent the next ten years wandering from one warehouse job to another in different states. One of those stops on my travels was Colorado where I worked maintenance at Keystone Ski Resort. There I learned a lot about mountain wilderness, hiking seven 14,000 foot peaks one summer. I attended search and rescue meetings, but moved before getting really involved.

Although traveling and working at many different sites was exciting and interesting, it didn't pay well, so I decided to continue my education and graduated in 1984 with an associate degree in Data Processing. I ended up working for 4 1/2 years at a software company called Triadic in Deming, New Mexico. When a position opened up at Valencia County (a client of Triadic's), I applied as a programmer, got the job, and was promoted to Data Processing Manager four years ago.

While working with the County Fire Marshall I asked if there was a SAR team for the Manzano's. He said no, but later informed me when the Manzano SAR began forming. About a year later I met Don and Jerry at one of the meetings. Don invited us to attend a meeting of a ground pounding team called Cibola SAR, and the rest is history. My first mission was for a mountain biker on south 14.

It takes a special people to be involved in search and rescue: buying their own equipment, getting up in the middle of the night, putting themselves in dangerous situations, all for strangers. Some would say we're heroes, a disturbing thought. I would like to think we're just being good citizens. I thank God for the opportunity to work with this group of special people.

The Bronze Boot Award
The Bronze Boot Award is to show appreciation for exceptional work for a team member or members. It also would be applicable for people who make outstanding blunders or have incredible mishaps (all in good fun)!

Web News by Mary Girven, Webmaster
This has been a momentous month as far as the website is concerned. We published the first two issues of the Lost ... and Found newsletter. We've even received feedback from someone interested in becoming a member VIA THE WEB. Mary's working on setting up the permanent site donated by ABQ-ROS (thanks to Sinjin at AMRC), but that's going slowly because of the different development platforms. Still, take a look at
http://www.abq.com/csar. A few things are there already. The development site is still active at http://bali.ms.sandia.gov/csar.
NMESC Notes by John Mindock

Photo taken 9/14/96 at the NMESC Helicopter Training


The helicopter training was very informative. 86 SAR personnel attended. We had many good comments about it. We have had requests to repeat this every year instead of bi- or tri-annually. Cibola SAR was intimately involved with the event. John was Incident Commander, Mickey was Planning Section Chief, and Mike was Logistics Section Chief. Bob U., Tom R., Larry M., Chuck, and Rose Marie provided much-needed labor in operations and logistics.

State SAR

SAR Certification is underway. Rick Goodman has selected a small group of SAR volunteers, representing teams from around the state, to implement the system. John Mindock is one of those who was selected. The kickoff meeting was held Sept. 25. The next Section Chief training will be Oct 26-27 in Farmington. Contact Rick Goodman (505-827-9228) to register.

Forest Service

The USFS will begin charging $3 to park at the Crest, beginning Nov. 1. Annual passes will become available in October, and will be valid for the remainder of 1996 and all of 1997. These will cost $30, with a second one only $5. A reminder that the Orange bumper stickers (the 'pumpkin patches') are only valid for trainings (for which the Forest Service is pre-notified) and missions.
This Month's Feature Article: Hypothermia, continued ...

V. Temperature Ranges

  1. Mild: 95°F to 92°F -- Shivering, muscle tone increase.
    1. As shivering ceases the body can no longer keep up and core temperature falls rapidly.
    2. Body heat loss factors multiply. Hypothermia is possible in 50 to 60° weather.
  2. Moderate: 92° to 86°F.
    Shivering stops--major emergency is imminent.
    Apathy, lethargy, dysarthria, ataxia, maladaptive behavior, arrhythmias, unconsciousness.
  3. Severe: 86° to 82°F.
    Stupor, coma, absent reflexes, pupils fixed and dilated (cerebral ischemia), respiratory arrest.

VI. Differential Diagnosis

VII. Treatment

  1. Rapid assessment--ABC's
    Conscious--warming by any means while proceeding with evacuation.
    Unconscious--check for pulse.
    Pulse--rapid transport, warm by any means.
    No pulse--CPR takes priority. External warming.
  2. Prevent further heat loss.
    1. Stop heat loss.
      1. Conduction--insulate from ground.
      2. Convection--shield from wind.
      3. Radiation--cover all exposed areas.
      4. Evaporation--dry clothing.
    2. Increased heat production.
      1. Increased activity, oxygen use.
      2. Water and fuel--hot chocolate, oral intake only if consciousness permits.
      3. Oxygen at high altitude.
    3. External heat if field evacuation is not imminent.
      1. Chemical heat tabs to armpits, groin, and neck.
      2. Hot water bottles.
      3. Warm fluids orally.
      4. Body to body contact.
      5. Heated tent.
      6. Fire.
    4. Replace fluids.
      1. Oral.
      2. Warm IV - debatable.
  3. CPR--problems:
    1. Cold, stiff heart and thorax.
    2. Poor blood flow, increased resistance.
    3. Difficult to return to normal rhythm.
    4. Continue CPR until warm.
    5. Environmental/transportation challenges.
Classified Ads (20 words maximum, no services)
FOR SALE: Jansport Backpack internal frame, front loading with 2 side pockets. Asking $25. Contact Chuck Girven (899-8573).

Special Notes

Recent Missions
NumberStartStopMission Type# Subject(s)
960532 9/1/96 at 2342 9/1/96 at 2350 Search 0 Two men aged 18 and 20
This information was gathered from many sources and presents facts as we believe them to be true. This is not meant to be an official document, but a means to disseminate team information.