Volume 1, Issue 2
October 10, 1996
Editors: Mickey Jojola, and
Chuck and Mary Girven
"THAT OTHERS MAY LIVE"
We have seen significant changes this year in our team's policies and
operating procedures. I believe these changes will make us more effective
in providing search and rescue services to the community.
|Top of the Hill
||by Mike Dugger
There have also been significant changes at the state level, although these
have been somewhat less visible to us. The Incident Command System (ICS)
has become THE protocol for managing SAR missions, and Rick Goodman, the
state SAR resource officer, has made it clear that ICS is the only acceptable
way to run a SAR mission. We need to do our part by observing proper
procedures when communicating on the radio, and completing our field
assignments as given to us by ICS staff, or negotiating with them if we
feel there is a reason to alter the assignment.
A lack of field coordinators and significant numbers of SAR resources in
district six (west of Albuquerque) will result in more calls for Cibola to
respond in this area, far from our "home turf." As our reputation
for fielding large numbers of highly trained searchers spreads, I expect
that we will get more calls to help with large missions far from
Albuquerque, when local resources have been depleted.
Continued change is in store at both levels. We
have mentioned the concept of state certification of SAR personnel at
previous business meetings. It appears that this concept is rapidly becoming
a reality. Procedures are being developed to certify SAR volunteers in basic
skills, such as map and compass, search techniques, radio usage, etc.
Cibola SAR is in good shape, thanks to our training officer. We have been
training in exactly the skills we will need individually to fulfill the
It is very likely that the state will require certification in the near future (early
1997), and regular training will become more important than ever. By definition,
therefore, we will have a "rating" or "typing" system for members -
those that are state certified and those that are not. In addition to
this basic training, we will continue to train in areas in which we want
to specialize, i.e. litter evacuation. As always, I welcome your input on
how to develop this rating procedure.
On October 1st at 7 p.m. Mike Dugger and Larry Mervine made a presentation to a
group of 10-12 girl scouts aged 9 to 11, as part of Cibola's "preventative SAR,"
or educational function. They gave the scouts a review on avoiding and
recognizing hypothermia, the ten essential items to take while hiking, and
proper clothing and layering, as well as how to dress properly on a budget.
The girls were very attentive and asked many questions. While going through
his pack, Larry decided he was carrying too much. It was such a great
experience, Mike and Larry agreed that every member should do a public
|Boots and Blisters
||by Larry Mervine
I'm having a small problem determining exactly who has deployed for missions.
Please be sure to leave a message on the hotline if you are deploying. If I
don't see (or hear) you at a mission, I'll rely on the hotline to update
attendance records. This is especially important for missions in District 6,
where a turnaround is not unusual. You still get credit if you deployed and
there was a turnaround.
Note: pager #1 (or #2) needs to record who deployed (according to the
hotline) and inform me at your convenience (if I don't E-mail you first). I
prefer E-mail or Fax (281-0932).
We now have over 50 names on our roster.
|Business as Usual
||by John Mindock
Highlights from the minutes of the August meeting:
- Members were cautioned to be professional in radio usage. Remember that many non-SAR people are listening.
- Members were informed of the consequences of freelancing. It is OK to suggest alternative assignments to the ICS staff. If the assignment is too dangerous, politely ask to be excused from it (or the mission).
- Marnie and Larry G. became active members.
- Contact Ken J. for information on the cell phone arrangement.
I would like to take this opportunity to let you know, in case you missed the
last business meeting, of the the very generous donation we received from Diane
Sonsonetti of the Diane Sonsonetti Foundation. On September 12, at our
September business meeting, Reed Burnett handed me a check in the amount of
$1,500.00 made payable to Cibola Search and Rescue.
||by Melissa Smith
Kudos to Reed for having such a great choice of friends and colleagues, and
again our deepest thanks to Diane for her thoughtful gift. I am sure that the
budget and equipment committees will have many future discussions over how we
can best put this to use.
REMINDER: Please turn in your gas vouchers each month at the business
meeting for the missions which took place since the last business meeting. If
you are unable to attend a meeting, or otherwise neglect to bring your
completed gas vouchers and receipts, they can be mailed to me within one week
following the business meeting. Should you still fail to miss this deadline,
you can mail them directly to the State, along with a completed W-9 and be
reimbursed directly (likely be taxed as income).
Marnie Boren and Larry Golden were voted in as members at the September business
meeting. Regrettably, Patricia Fuller and David Kilby will not be joining our
The Equipment committee met on September 18th at Logicon. Eight CSAR members
attended and the following subjects were discussed:
||by Ken Johnston and Chuck Girven
- Low-angle litter equipment
We received input from two sources suggesting equipment we should acquire.
After discussion, it was decided to solicit a third opinion on some of the
- Maintenance schedules
Maintenance schedules were discussed on existing and future equipment but
a decision was made to wait until all purchases were made before implementing
such a plan.
- Consumable cache
This item was discussed but put on hold until more important needs were
- Additional team equipment
Additional team equipment such as pagers, GPS, radios, and CD software
containing all the topo maps of NM were discussed,
- Ham radios
Don Gibson brought up the point that District 6 has no SAR teams, and that
CSAR and AMRC are being used as a resource for that area where radio use is
restricted to mainly Ham frequencies. Therefore, it was suggested that we
sponsor another Ham course to encourage more CSAR members to get their Ham
We've had favorable responses to our first newsletter. Copies were sent to
Rick Goodman in Santa Fe as well as all members who did not attend the September
business meeting (for which we had addresses). At the Helicopter training on
September 14th, a copy was given to an AF Captain to give to the wing commander.
||by Chuck Girven
If anyone wishes to borrow one of the yearbooks to show friends, family, etc.
or needs a copy of the newsletter, please contact Chuck.
Training a Search dog takes a lot of time, and not all dogs are suited for the
job. Teaching a "new trick" usually requires 3-4 training sessions per week,
or even daily. Once the dog knows the "trick," it takes almost as much training
to maintain a high level of performance. This must continue for as long as he is
expected to perform the "trick" at any given moment (like 2 a.m. on a cold,
rainy Sunday night).
|On the Right Track
||by Mary Berry
The CSAR dog handlers train several times a week. Early weekday evenings before
it gets too dark are used for short training sessions, while weekend sessions
are usually longer and require more planning. We use many training sites and
vary them often so dogs don't get "to know" an area too well. Some of the places
we train include Pine Flats, Doc Long, Three Gun Spring, Cienega Canyon, and the
Rio Grande Bosque. The dog handlers keep pretty busy. If you need to contact one
of us on a week night, you better pick the right two nights.
All of this training seems to be paying off. On October 5-6, the
CSAR Canine Unit held a training and evaluation in the Pecos amid the changing
aspen. All three dogs (Tuki, Jake, and J.C.) took Basic 1 and Basic 2 tests and
passed! The Mission Ready Evaluation will to be tested out in the next few
months. Training also went well, with many great opportunities near the
campground. On Sunday morning we tried to convince the dogs to act sick during
the patient assessment of the Canine First Aid Course (fortunately none of them
cooperated). We had the place completely to ourselves and the weather was
gorgeous. The outing was highlighted by a potluck dinner and a great pancake
breakfast the next morning. Only more attendance by the team could have made it
better. Thanks to Chuck Girven and Tiffany Jojola for their hiding abilities.
We love having license to say "Get Lost."
It was running that got me interested in the outdoors. I ran cross
country and track in high school in my home town of Akron, Ohio. Back then
you would most likely find me running in the woods on rainy days or on cold
wintery nights with big snowflakes falling.
|Member Spotlight: Larry Mervine
The war in Vietnam was in full operation and the big moral issue when I
graduated from high school. In college I started toward a major in sociology,
then changed to anthropology, but dropped out after two years. I spent the
next ten years wandering from one warehouse job to another in different
states. One of those stops on my travels was Colorado where I worked
maintenance at Keystone Ski Resort. There I learned a lot about mountain
wilderness, hiking seven 14,000 foot peaks one summer. I attended search
and rescue meetings, but moved before getting really involved.
Although traveling and working at many different sites was exciting and
interesting, it didn't pay well, so I decided to continue my education and
graduated in 1984 with an associate degree in Data Processing.
I ended up working for 4 1/2 years at a software company called Triadic in
Deming, New Mexico. When a position opened up at Valencia County (a client
of Triadic's), I applied as a programmer, got the job, and was promoted to
Data Processing Manager four years ago.
While working with the County Fire Marshall I asked if there was a SAR team
for the Manzano's. He said no, but later informed me when the Manzano SAR began
forming. About a year later I met Don and Jerry at one of the meetings. Don
invited us to attend a meeting of a ground pounding team called Cibola SAR, and
the rest is history. My first mission was for a mountain biker on south 14.
It takes a special people to be involved in search and rescue: buying their own
equipment, getting up in the middle of the night, putting themselves in
dangerous situations, all for strangers. Some would say we're heroes, a
disturbing thought. I would like to think we're just being good citizens. I
thank God for the opportunity to work with this group of special people.
The Bronze Boot Award is to show appreciation for exceptional work for a team
member or members. It also would be applicable for people who make outstanding
blunders or have incredible mishaps (all in good fun)!
NO NOMINATIONS WERE SUBMITTED THIS MONTH
This has been a momentous month as far as the website is concerned. We
published the first two issues of the Lost ... and Found newsletter.
We've even received feedback from someone interested in becoming a member VIA
THE WEB. Mary's working on setting up the permanent site donated by ABQ-ROS
(thanks to Sinjin at AMRC), but that's going slowly because of the different
development platforms. Still, take a look at
http://www.abq.com/csar. A few things are there already. The development
site is still active at http://bali.ms.sandia.gov/csar.
||by Mary Girven, Webmaster
Photo taken 9/14/96 at the NMESC Helicopter Training
||by John Mindock
The helicopter training was very informative. 86 SAR personnel attended. We
had many good comments about it.
We have had requests to repeat this every year instead of bi- or tri-annually.
Cibola SAR was intimately involved with the event. John was Incident
Commander, Mickey was Planning Section Chief, and Mike was Logistics Section
Chief. Bob U., Tom R., Larry M., Chuck, and Rose Marie provided much-needed
labor in operations and logistics.
SAR Certification is underway. Rick Goodman has selected a small group of SAR
volunteers, representing teams from around the state, to implement the
system. John Mindock is one of those who was selected. The kickoff meeting
was held Sept. 25.
The next Section Chief training will be Oct 26-27 in Farmington. Contact Rick
Goodman (505-827-9228) to register.
The USFS will begin charging $3 to park at the Crest, beginning Nov. 1.
Annual passes will become available in October, and will be valid for the
remainder of 1996 and all of 1997. These will cost $30, with a second one
A reminder that the Orange bumper stickers (the 'pumpkin patches') are only
valid for trainings (for which the Forest Service is pre-notified) and
|This Month's Feature Article: Hypothermia, continued ...
V. Temperature Ranges
- Mild: 95°F to 92°F -- Shivering, muscle tone increase.
- As shivering ceases the body can no longer keep up and core temperature falls rapidly.
- Body heat loss factors multiply. Hypothermia is possible in 50 to 60° weather.
- Moderate: 92° to 86°F.
Shivering stops--major emergency is imminent.
Apathy, lethargy, dysarthria, ataxia, maladaptive behavior, arrhythmias, unconsciousness.
- Severe: 86° to 82°F.
Stupor, coma, absent reflexes, pupils fixed and dilated (cerebral ischemia), respiratory arrest.
VI. Differential Diagnosis
- Altitude illness.
- Fright, loss of will.
- Carbon monoxide poisoning.
- Alcohol and drugs.
- Rapid assessment--ABC's
Conscious--warming by any means while proceeding with evacuation.
Unconscious--check for pulse.
Pulse--rapid transport, warm by any means.
No pulse--CPR takes priority. External warming.
- Prevent further heat loss.
- Stop heat loss.
- Conduction--insulate from ground.
- Convection--shield from wind.
- Radiation--cover all exposed areas.
- Evaporation--dry clothing.
- Increased heat production.
- Increased activity, oxygen use.
- Water and fuel--hot chocolate, oral intake only if consciousness permits.
- Oxygen at high altitude.
- External heat if field evacuation is not imminent.
- Chemical heat tabs to armpits, groin, and neck.
- Hot water bottles.
- Warm fluids orally.
- Body to body contact.
- Heated tent.
- Replace fluids.
- Warm IV - debatable.
- Cold, stiff heart and thorax.
- Poor blood flow, increased resistance.
- Difficult to return to normal rhythm.
- Continue CPR until warm.
- Environmental/transportation challenges.
FOR SALE: Jansport Backpack internal frame, front loading with 2 side
pockets. Asking $25. Contact Chuck Girven (899-8573).
||(20 words maximum, no services)
- Congratulations to Dave Ricker and Melinda Crouse on their wedding October 5th.
- Congratulations to Terry and Julie Decker on the birth of their son, Travis Garrett at 10:33 p.m. on September 14th. He weighed 7 lbs. 14 oz. and was 20 1/2 inches long.
- There have been some discussions about using llamas to carry gear in the fields. Consider this ...
Michael Finkel, Spit Happens, Skiing Magazine, September 1996, pp. 54-59.
"As we neared the top, we could sense our animals' tempers growing thin.
And when Pisces stepped on Striker's heel, the spit hit the fan.
A llama spit fight is the animal kingdom's version of a World Wrestling
Federation match. It's half slapstick theater and half silly combat.
When llamas ready themselves to spit, they furl their upper lips, exposing
thick black semicirlces of gum. (Llamas have teeth only in their lower
jaws, which is why they don't bite.) They curve back their necks like
swans. And they let fly. A llama loogie is no mere globule of saliva.
From deep in their throats emerge powerful aerosol-style attacks, shooting
foul-smelling spray in wide, lingering arcs.
We dove for cover and let the llamas hock themselves dry...." -- submitted
by Mike Dugger
||9/1/96 at 2342
||9/1/96 at 2350
||Two men aged 18 and 20
|Disclaimer:||This information was gathered from many sources and presents facts as we believe them to be true. This is not meant to be an official document, but a means to disseminate team information.|