Volume 1, Issue 3
November 14, 1996
Editors: Mickey Jojola, and
Chuck and Mary Girven

"That Others May Live..."
Top of the Hill
Pinching Pennies
Public Relations
Bronze Boot Award
This Month's Articles
Boots and Blisters
Who's Who and New
On the Right Track
Web News
Classified Ads
Business as Usual
Gearing Up
Member Spotlight
Special Notes
Top of the Hill by Mike Dugger
Most of us have had it up to here with talk about elections. There is one more "race" near and dear to the hearts of many CSAR members (particularly mine) that we must participate in. Elections for the positions of President, Vice President, Treasurer and Secretary of Cibola Search and Rescue will take place in December. Nominations for those positions will be complete by the close of business at our November 14 business meeting. Any active member may hold an office, and only active members may make nominations and vote. A ballot will be mailed to each active member after the November meeting. You may return your ballot by mail, or deliver it in person at our December pot luck party!

Now for some words on policy. As we continue to practice and gain proficiency at litter packaging and tieing, we must consider how this task fits into the flow of events on a real mission, and how it fits within our policy on rendering medical aid in the field. CSAR’s policy on rendering medical aid, as described in the new CSAR Member Guide, states that:

"SAR volunteers are permitted by law to care for and treat injured or sick persons. However, the basic duties of Cibola SAR volunteers shall be limited to the tasks associated with the location and evacuation of such persons. Cibola SAR volunteers may provide basic emergency first aid, or other medical assistance, but only to the extent to which they are trained and certified to provide such care.

When a Cibola SAR volunteer performs medical care in the field, it is expected that he/she will perform such care adequately and consistently with the standard of care required by their certification. A paramedic or EMT can only perform those acts in the field that are permitted without medical direction or control. Cibola SAR volunteers who have not been trained and certified to give emergency medical care or other medical assistance shall not under any circumstances provide, or assist in providing, any medical care, except for the basic necessities of blankets and water."

The policy goes on to say that if you do provide aid, or do not provide aid when you were obliged to do so by your medical certification, the team and its members are not responsible for the consequences. Since litter packaging and tieing is intimately connected with the location and extent of the subject's injuries, an obvious question arises. Where does injury assessment end (read "medically qualified"), and litter evacuation begin? We have yet to address the specifics of this issue as a team, but my response to the question goes like this: If the subject is injured, Incident Command Staff will put a qualified medical person on scene to assess injuries and direct evacuation. CSAR members will always follow the instructions of trained medical responders for preparing a subject for litter evacuation. At the same time, it is useful for all of us to understand the basic goals of a packaging and tieing system, so that we can act with confidence when asked by the medical responder on scene to perform some of these duties. Our goal should therefore be to understand how to prepare a subject for transport, in as comfortable and secure a manner as possible, with the realization that the trained medical provider on scene may have their own (different) preferred techniques for doing this.
Boots and Blisters by Larry Mervine
4X4 Training Sunday October 13 th at Montessa Park
On a hot Sunday afternoon we met with members of the New Mexico Four Wheelers Club. There were more of them than us. The training began with an overview given from the back of Paul's truck. Then we were divided into four groups:

  1. One group demonstrated tire placement to avoid vehicle damage, and then we practiced on a course they set up. The reason for this exercise was to learn how NOT to straddle obstacles but to put one tire on top of the obstacle and crawl slowly over.
  2. Another group reviewed our vehicles and gave suggestions on what equipment we should have such as tow straps, hi-lift jack, skid plates, and extra belts, to name a few items.
  3. Another demonstrated how to do use a tow strap and hi-lift jack to get "unstuck."
  4. Finally, another station showed us how to avoid getting stuck. Items covered were: look before you leap, deflate tires, always back straight down a hill, and put vehicle in reverse and let the engine do the work instead of the brakes.
I had not had any 4X4 training before and thought this experience was useful. The 4X4'ers said they could do this again next year.
Business as Usual by John Mindock
Highlights of minutes from Business Meeting on October 10, 1996:
Just a reminder, I keep records of all missions, trainings, and meetings, so Please sign in! Also, if you would like CSAR orange business cards with your name, etc. on them, please contact me with the data. No charge.
Pinching Pennies by Melissa Smith
Gas vouchers are due at the business meeting for the previous month's missions. If you cannot attend the business meeting, please contact me within 3 days of the meeting and get your vouchers to me within 7 days of the meeting. A copy of the gas voucher procedures will be available for everyone at the November business meeting. Reimbursement for gas vouchers through August 4th has been received from the State and will be handed out at the November business meeting.

There will be a copy of the 10 months ended October 31, 1996 financial statements and other financial data available for review at the November business meeting.
Who's Who and New by Bruce Berry
The new Member Guide is finally finished. A big thank you to all who contributed to the "overhaul" of the guiding document of Cibola SAR. Copies of the guide will be passed out at the November business meeting. Be sure to get your copy, one will be available to each member of the team. If anyone has any comments or input into the Member Guide let Bruce Berry hear about them. Do keep in mind, that a new Member Guide will probably not be published for about six months (if even then, if there are no comments). This new version is more complete and certainly has a lot more information. Do submit your comments to Bruce Berry, but let's just try this new version for six months or so before we go in and change it again. Remember, that this document is a living document for Cibola SAR and nothing in it is "set in concrete." It can be changed.

There are no new members due for active membership in November, however, Ella May Robinson and Robert Schwartz are due for active membership in December. There will be a new member orientation given before the November meeting for a few of the new folks. This will be the first time using the new Member Guide. I hope that the new members like it better than the old version.

Hey Mentors, when was the last time you called your Mentee and asked them how it was going? When was the last time you did a pack breakdown on your Mentee or for that matter on anyone on the team? Did any of you know that there are some people on the team that are hiking every trail in the Sandia Mountains? They are going a few times a week to different trails. Ask around and find out who it is if you are interested in joining them for some exercise and a great way to learn the trails in the mountains.

A last note for everyone. Go through your packs, top to bottom, and make sure that you have everything you think you might need (see recommended gear list in the Member Guide). Then add all the cold weather gear that you will need for those winter searches. Why? One mission that just happened on the Sandia Mountains greeted most of us with 32 degree temperature and 30 mph winds, and that was at midnight. The temperature went down from there as the night progressed. Mentors, make sure your pack is ready to go, and then make sure that your Mentee's pack is ready to go. It can be rather uncomfortable not to have that extra jacket or vest when the temperature drops. It is that time of year.
Gearing Up by Chuck Girven
Some of the equipment we discussed in previous newsletters is already being taken care of, such as the pins for the litter are now with the litter, and another set is on order for backup.

A deal is being negotiated for the acquisition of a set of CDs of topo maps of all of New Mexico. The contour lines are a little coarser than our 7.5 minute maps we are used to. But for out of district missions, they will be a great asset to us.

Thanks to Steve Attaway of AMRC. We are putting together an order for Petzl Erin Roc helmets. Bring your money to the November meeting or contact Bob Ulibari as soon as possible to get in on this offer.

We are awaiting team approval for purchasing the litter equipment we discussed at the October meeting.

Contact Melinda for the time and date of the next equipment meeting.
Public Relations by Chuck Girven
I was recently approached by a 4-H club in Belen about members of our group giving a talk on hypothermia and layering or other search and rescue topics. The place and time have not yet been determined.

Just a reminder, if anyone would like to borrow any of the yearbooks to show family members what you do, just let me know.

We will try to get a team photo at the December meeting, so please wear or bring your orange shirts.
On the Right Track by Mickey Jojola
Well hello!! It's that time again. There isn't much new except I think that we finally finished the K-9 Policy and Procedures Manual. This will be distributed to team members who wish to review the document and make comments. We would appreciate any input from handlers as well as non-handlers. After the review from the team the manual will become official.

I have set a tentative training schedule for the next three months. It should prove to be fun and informative. The next training will be held on Sunday, November 24. We will be working on a harness system for the dogs in the event they should be lowered (or raised) into an area. The trainings are scheduled as follows:
Sunday, November 241400-1600 at Chuck and Mary's house
Thursday, November 21K-9 committee meeting at 7:00 location TBA
Saturday, December 141400-?? Obedience training at the Albuquerque International Airport
Sunday, January 51400-?? K-9 committee meeting/training (the training game)
Member Spotlight: John Mindock
I was born in 1946, and grew up in a town in north-central Illinois called LaSalle (pop. 8000). As a youth, I spent a lot of time outdoors - biking, hiking, fishing, swimming, camping, as well as playing baseball, basketball, and hockey. I graduated from the U. of Ill. in 1968 with a degree in math, and taught high school math for seven years. I also coached cross-country and swimming teams. After attending night school, I made a career change and have spent the past 20+ years in Information Systems positions in Illinois, Minnesota, Phoenix, and ABQ. I currently work as a contract programmer at Sandia, having moved here in 1992. I met Terri while working at the main offices of B. Dalton Bookseller in Edina, MN, and we got married in 1981. Between the ages of ten and thirty-five, I played the drums at a variety of nightclubs, dives, dumps, and classy joints. I've made a number of studio recordings and still can tap out tuneful rhythms on my PC keyboard (much to the enjoyment of my workmates). In 1979, I took first place at the Minnesota State Master's swimming championships (age-group) in the 1500 freestyle. I acquired a black belt in the Korean martial art of Taekwondo, and captured third place in sparring (age group) at the 1992 Nationals.

Currently, I am a volunteer Wilderness Information Specialist for the Sandia District of the United States Forest Service. In this capacity, I hike the trails in the district, reporting (and often repairing) trail hazards, educating trail users, and promoting ethical wilderness standards. I also teach classes in wilderness topics for USFS volunteers. Another organization to which I belong is the New Mexico Volunteers for the Outdoors. This group performs trail maintenance projects throughout the state, for various state and federal agencies. In SAR, I am an elected member of the NMESC Board and chair of the Training Committee. I also serve on the ESCAPE committee, and was the instigator for using ICS for the first time in that event's history. It was so successful that the Board decided to use ICS for all events. I also have been appointed by the State SAR Resource Officer to chair the state SAR Policy and Advisory Committe for Education (PACE). PACE is currently implementing the SAR Certification system, and will eventually handle all aspects of training that originate from the state SAR Resource Office. I'm a certified ICS Section Chief in all functions, and will be attending the next Field Coordinator School.

I have been an officer in CSAR for the better part of three years. I've deployed to more than 100 missions, and my most memorable are those where the field team to which I was assigned got the `find'. However, the most heart-warming was the search for 4-year old Danny, who was lost for 48 hours in the Zunis earlier this year. I had toiled as a groundpounder all night Saturday and part of Sunday, then came back before dawn Monday morning to perform the duties of Operations Section Chief. In that capacity, I gave the assignment to the National Guard helicopter that found him - ALIVE! I'll never forget that one.

It's been very rewarding to be one of the people who has worked to bring CSAR up to its current level of respect and prestige in the SAR community. I look forward to continuing to aid that effort. I'm also looking forward to leading the implementation of the state SAR Certification system and the other tasks that will be the province of the PACE committee. For Cibola SAR, I think the next important challenge is to establish categories of membership that provide an opportunity for people of diverse interests, skills, and fitness levels to actively participate in the various aspects of the organization.

Finally - I guess I'd better mention: 1-14-26-29-36-38. 3/15/89. AZ Lottery. $1,000,000. (Ah - never mind - nobody would believe it anyway.)
The Bronze Boot Award by Mike Dugger
Melissa Smith is this month's recipient of the bronze boot award, in recognition of the quality of her performance as Primary Contact during the month of September. The Primary Contact's job when the team is paged for a mission is to notify the backup (pager #2) that they are handling the call, place mission details on the voice mailbox, and activate the team. Melissa's voice messages were kept brief, yet contained all the information needed to respond to the mission. Subject details and base camp directions were clear and concise, and communications frequencies were established. Melissa also worked to establish a point of contact for further information during missions. Good job!!
Web News by Mary Girven
Not much has happened in the last month as far as web development because my computer at home has been ill much of the time. I'm still waiting on software to do the conversion to our internet host's platform (it was offered during the time my computer was down). There has been some discussion about using another host with the same architecture as the development system, but the cost is prohibitive. The site at http://www.abq.com/csar contains most of the information available to non-members, including an introduction to CSAR, the most recent newsletter, CSAR resources, photographs, and links to other SAR web sites. What it lacks is user authentication and the ability to dynamically generate pages, and therefore, the members only pages which contain tools to manage the newsletter, mission logs, reports, and membership information. I'm confident that these can be added once I have set up the right development environment on my system at home. It just takes time and patience ...
NMESC Notes by John Mindock

PACE Committee Report
Rick Goodman, the state SAR Resource Officer, has appointed eleven state-wide SAR personnel to a new committee, called the Policy and Advisory Committee for Education (PACE). This committee will eventually be responsible for planning, logistics, and operations of all state-sponsored education. This includes Section Chief, Field Coordinator schools, ICS classes, and others. Most importantly for the near future, PACE is setting up the Basic SAR Field Certification system. Although not all decisions have been made, we know the system will consist of evaluations performed by state-trained evaluators. Evaluation topics for the written test will include radio usage/etiquette, Map/Compass, standard search techniques, clothing and gear concepts, and ICS/SAR plan. There will also be a gear and clothing inspection. Lists of required items will be provided prior to the evaluation sessions. In addition, a syllabus of the topics and some 'test-potential' details within them will be provided. This is not a system of trainings - SAR personnel are to get their trainings elsewhere. However, the questions will be at a basic level so that the standard SAR team trainings and some field experience should be sufficient to pass the tests. In the future, training sessions may be offered, or a list of qualified instructors may be published. A newsletter with more detail will be mailed to SAR teams in the near future. I am the appointed chair of PACE, and will keep CSAR informed of significant progress as soon as it happens..
This Month's Feature Articles
Missions in District 6 by John Mindock
District 6 (Grants, etc.) is subject to very dangerous weather that arrives quickly and unexpectedly. In addition, the Incident Base locations are often very remote and difficult to find. It's rather common for someone to end up 'in the middle of nowhere' with a dim recollection of the way they came, and also unable to contact Incident Base. Trying to find their way out can be confusing, and a missed turn can mean a night of futile and exhausting driving. Additionally, a 10-22 can occur while you are on the road, and you need to ensure you can receive that message. So ... when traveling to missions in district 6 (and other outlying districts), please attempt to travel in a car caravan. Optimally each caravan would have a GPS, ham radio, 800 MHz, 155.160, and cellular capability (and perhaps a CSAR pager-holder). The very least is 155.160. Often the FC will declare a meeting place for a car caravan. If not, try to determine who else is going (call pager #1) and make a connection with them. Our team recommends the Flying J (98th St. exit) as a meeting place. Also be sure you fill up your tank in Grants or Gallup, check your spare tire, and carry emergency tools and equipment for your auto. Finally, never go to District 6 without a complete set of gear, clothing, food, and water to be safe and warm 48 hours in/near your vehicle. Gallup State Police 827-9321. Grants State Police 863-9353.
Certification/Qualification/Typing and YOU by Mike Dugger
We have been hearing about the coming changes in our training protocol, certification, and member typing for several months. Here's the current scoop on state certification, resource typing, physical requirements, and the like.

State certification is under the direction of the state SAR resource officer, i.e. Rick Goodman. Right now, the only proof Rick has that SAR teams around the state can do what they have listed in the resource directory (used by Incident Commanders to request resources for a mission) is what the teams themselves write into the resource book. If a team can't search effectively, or causes the subject some additional injury due to lack of training, the state, the team, etc. could be sued. How would the state attorney prove that the SAR team knew how to do the job properly? Certification will establish a standard which field personnel will ultimately be judged against. Its purpose is to document that searchers understand three basic skills:

  1. how to take care of themselves (not become a liability during a mission),
  2. how to accomplish some basic search techniques (can be effective on a mission), and
  3. not increase the suffering of the subject once found (and ideally do some good).
Of course anyone can be sued, even if everything is done properly. However, certification gives the state some documentation that searchers possess some basic skills. Discussion of certification at prior CSAR business meetings indicates that most members favor requiring state certification of all field responders.

Resource typing is a related concept, but different in intent. This system is also being developed at the state level. The purpose of typing is to define the skill level of individual resources, so that ICs can select the proper type of resource for a given mission. For example, different resources are needed for a two-day search and evacuation of backpackers 15 miles into the Pecos wilderness during a snowstorm, than are needed to locate a child who walked away from a picnic at Elena Gallegos on a mild summer afternoon. Typing is another way of ensuring that the IC can select the proper type of resource depending on the difficulty of the mission. CSAR members will by "typed" based on skills and equipment expertise defined at the state level, and this should have no impact on the membership status of active CSAR members.

CSAR has discussed placing some additional requirements on field responders, for the safety of our members as well as to maintain the reputation for effective ground pounding which we have earned in the eyes of many ICs. At the most basic level, we are discussing implementing a physical fitness requirement. Although no test can guarantee that a member will not have difficulty due to the physical demands of a mission, a physical fitness requirement will give members confidence in themselves and each other. We should also develop some measurable criteria for the winter readiness qualification code.
Classified Ads (20 words maximum, no services)
At the December business meeting, we are going to have an inter-team equipment sale. So everyone bring items you want to sell. -- submitted by Larry Mervine
Special Notes
Special thanks to Mickey for providing the "Wintery" setting for the CTF to discuss winter gear. It also provided a refresher course on winter driving skills.

From Don Gibson and Family: My family and I buried my Dad this afternoon. After a lengthy illness, he passed away in his sleep. Dad was proud of my involvement with search and rescue and that reflects back on the people I'm involved with. It's amazing that people who meet and train a few hours a month can do what is required, as a team, in the small off hours out of a normal life, and not have much in common but search and rescue. That says a lot for the character and heart of the people I'm involved with. Thank you so much for the kind messages, the beautiful flowers, and your support at my Dad's funeral.
Recent Missions
NumberStartStopMission Type# Subject(s)
960537 10/19/96 at 0030 11/19/96 at 1400 Search 20 Couple from Oklahoma
961118 10/23/96 at 2:30 10/23/96 at 1030 Search 3 Male hunter
960733 10/30/96 at 1120 10/30/96 at 1230 Search 4 37 year old male hunter
960540 11/4/96 at 1930 11/5/96 at 1030 Search 27 8 year old boy

November, 1996 December, 1996
9SatNMESC Board Meeting, 1 pm
14ThurTraining, 6:30 pm
Business Meeting, 7:15 pm
16SatCibola Turkey Challenge
(Held at Cedro Campground, 5 miles south of Tijeras stop sign on lefthand side of road)
13FriBusiness Meeting/Elections,
6:30 - 7:30 pm
Potluck/ Used Gear Sale,
7:30 - 10:00 pm at Mike's
(Take I-40 east to exit 181, go east on old Rt 66 to Dressage (<0.1 mi), turn right, go south to Sedillo (first stop sign), then west to Steeplechase Dr. (<0.1 mi), then south to #31 on the left -- look for pink trail tape)
This information was gathered from many sources and presents facts as we believe them to be true. This is not meant to be an official document, but a means to disseminate team information.