Lost and Found... the newsletter of Volume 2, Issue 12
11 December 1997
Editors: Tom Russo, Mike Dugger,
and Mickey Jojola

Cibola Search and Rescue
"That Others May Live..."
Top of the Hill
Mini Lesson
Public Relations
Web News
Classified Ads
Boots and Blisters
Who's Who and New
On the Right Track
Special Notes
Business as Usual
Coming Attractions
Feature Article
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Top of the Hill by Mike Dugger
Thanks for the memories!

When I took this job in December of 1995, I knew that one day I would have to deliver something in the way of a farewell from my post as President. At the time, I wondered exactly how I would reflect upon my time at the helm. Now I know.

We've come a long way in the past two years, due in large part to the efforts of many dedicated people on this team. CSAR hardly seems like the same team as we were back then. This is not because of some carefully executed master plan for evolution, but because of the desires of a majority of our members to belong to the kind of organization we have become, and an administration eager to realize this vision. This is exactly as it should be.

During my time in office, I gained a real appreciation for the inner workings of the team, both formal and informal, having a hand in developing the former and being "developed" by the latter. I've had an opportunity to get to know members of other teams with diverse specialties, as well as incident command staff at all levels. While I certainly did not do everything right, I did my best. This experience has done wonders to improve my management skills! The best part of serving as President was getting to know our members a little better than I did before becoming an officer. I really value the relationships I've developed in this position, and hope I can maintain them in the years to come. I encourage all members of CSAR to consider serving as an officer. Serving the team this way is undeniably a lot of work, but at the same time extremely rewarding.

Allow me to offer the following observation as something for us all to consider as we move into the future. I'm sure we have all been frustrated at one time or another about the amount of disagreement during discussion of major issues. However, I know that we are much more closely-knit than other organizations of this type. Our "majority rules" structure of team government, while cumbersome at times with so many type-A personalities, is one of the reasons we have been so successful. We all feel ownership for the direction of our organization. Of course this can be a source of disagreement, but it is also gratifying to know that people feel so passionate about CSAR. A bit of disagreement is infinitely preferable to apathy. Once the team has ruled on an issue, we must all contribute to make CSAR thrive in the direction we have decided to head as a team.

In closing, this has been an experience that I will value for the rest of my life. We've shared some easy laughs, as well as some character-building challenges. These kinds of shared experiences develop the sense of family that I have come to feel with CSAR. Thanks for the memories. It is time for some fresh new ideas, and I'm convinced that there is nothing that we can't accomplish if we set our sights on it as a team. Back to Top
Boots and Blisters by Larry Mervine
The November training was on tracking and was led by J.D. Martin. Those who attended rated it excellent. Just like last November's training the weather was accompanied by a snow storm and the field practice was cancelled; J.D. said he could do one later. The road from Los Lunas was icy and I arrived just as the training ended. Top speed was 10 miles an hour. Thanks to the eight brave soles who were able to attend.

Departing as you training officer I would like to list conditions and situations that keep us in business. Factors that contribute to SAR missions are:

  1. Improper clothing and/or foot gear.
  2. Lack of rest.
  3. Lack of adequate water.
  4. Hypothermia (cold) or hyperthermia (heat).
  5. Too ambitious an undertaking for skills or proficiency.
  6. Poor physical condition and/or lack of motivation.
  7. Inadequate or improper food.
  8. Little or no planning.
  9. Inadequate group for the goal and lack of leadership.
  10. Plan confusing or not known to others.
  11. Individuals could not recognize a physical, mental or environmental threat.
  12. No Preparation for adverse weather.
  13. Unfamiliar with terrain and no map or compass.
  14. "It can't happen to me " philosophy.

Also, would like to thank the team for allowing me the opportunity to be your training officer. I enjoyed putting these trainings together. This does not mean I will no longer be active, but I will be more hidden in the background.

Hike of the MonthArmijo Canyon and vicinity0800, Dec 27/28, 1997\01997
Trailhead: Doc Long Picnic Area, 2 miles up Hwy. 536 from N. 14
R.T. Distance: 8 milesElevation Min/Max: 7200/7800
Hiking Time 4.0 hoursHazards: The usual
Topo Maps: USFS Map of the Sandias
Start on the Bill Spring trail, which begins at the Southeast end of the Doc Long area. Follow it west to the Faulty trail, and go south on the Faulty. You'll pass the junctions with the Oso Corredor trail, the Sulphur Springs trail, the Cienega Horse Bypass trail, and the Cienega trail. About one hour and forty-five minutes out, you'll go down a steep hill with a similar steep uphill on the other side. There is a large dead standing "snag" tree on the right. (I got a reading on top of the downhill - 373.3, 3891.2). This is the upper portion of Armijo Canyon. The Armijo trail is on the left, north of the arroyo. Within fifty meters, it passes by some pools of water that exist year-round. The trail stays near the arroyo for about twenty-five minutes, where it takes a turn left, uphill. (374.7, 3891.4). If you miss this, you can follow the arroyo as it turns left. Or you can eventually meet the Forest fence, and then turn left. Fifteen minutes after the left turn, you'll come to a gravel road-like portion of the trail, near the big "Private Property" signs. Follow this to the left (West) and you'll soon be on the blacktop. Follow the blacktop to the Stop sign, then turn right, following the blacktop up the hill. Six minutes past the stop sign, there will be a dirt road on the right. Here you can decide if you want the hike to continue for one-half hour or for one-and-one-half hours. For the short return, follow the blacktop back to Hwy. 536 and walk up it to Doc Long. For the longer adventure, take the Cienega Horse Bypass trail that is across from the dirt road. This will lead to the Faulty trail and you can return via that and Bill Springs.
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Business as Usual by John Mindock
This will be my final article after two years as Secretary of CSAR. As far as the actual tasks performed in the role of Secretary, I can say it has been remarkably unremarkable. I didn't invent any new tasks nor scramble to figure out how to do the ones that came with the job - the job description was well-defined and the associated tasks were smoothly operational when I took it over. The other part of the role has been much more challenging and time-consuming - working with the other officers to interpret, define and implement the projects/tasks/rules per the team's directives. The support of the majority of members provided a huge positive motivation in those efforts. What I will remember most about the 1996/1997 administration is the number of hours they spent on SAR. Not just going to missions, trainings, and meetings, but also toiling relentlessly in the background, keeping the administrative portion of the team running quietly so the operational parts could get the attention that is required. The 'bronze boot' they got at the last meeting was richly deserved. Hopefully, my part of that effort has helped CSAR's business run along as required. Thanks to all who helped, advised and supported me during my tenure. Back to Top
Mini Lesson by John Mindock

Clothing for SAR - Part 2

This mini-lesson delves into the important aspect of using clothing for temperature control.

The Danger and the Killer
All year long, mountain weather can change from benign to life-threatening in a very short time. While most missions do not challenge the searcher's choice of apparel, it is imperative to carry proper clothing for the worst-case scenario.

As SAR personnel, we have two antithetical situations to handle. In one case, we are moving along the trail, creating warmth and perspiration. We need to avoid overheating and also release our perspiration to the air. The opposing situation is when we are stopped for an extended time (e.g., waiting for a litter or for a rendezvous with another team). Now our perspiration-wet clothing is no longer heated by our exertion, and the evaporation can rob our bodies of life-preserving warmth. Failure to account for this via proper attire makes us prime candidates for the killer of the mountain - hypothermia.

An in-depth description of hypothermia is beyond the scope of this lesson. Let's just define it as a condition where the body loses heat faster than it can be regenerated, possibly ending in death.

The Three-tiered Clothing System
This system is the proven solution to wilderness clothing problems. The standard definition depicts an inner layer which wicks moisture, a middle layer which provides insulation even when wet, and an outer breathable layer. The outer layer keeps wind and rain from penetrating to the insulating layer, while allowing water vapor from perspiration to escape. Representative fabrics for these layers are polypro, wool/fleece, and Gore-Tex, respectively.

Typically, clothing designed solely to repel rain is not breathable, so it does not allow perspiration to escape into the air. This can cause a situation where clothing under the rainwear is almost as wet as if it had been rained upon. One must keep this in mind when opting for standard rainwear over the three-tiered system.

In cold weather, avoid the temptation to add more socks while hiking, because they can cut off circulation required to keep your feet warm. A system that works well for most conditions is a thin liner sock covered by a heavier insulating sock. Extra socks should be reserved for replacing soaked ones. In addition, there are various outer sock coverings designed to keep hike-generated heat near your feet.

For boots in cold weather, choose the Sorel-type if you are going to be snowshoeing, in deep snow, or in severe cold weather, However, for most missions, leather hiking boots (properly treated for water-resistance) handle the job well, weigh less, and provide more support.

Shorts are not the best selection for SAR because they fail to provide protection from hazards. CSAR veterans opt for a pair of cotton/poly blend BDUs, which are quite comfortable in warm weather. If it's raining or you're going through wet flora, slip a breathable outer layer over the BDUs.

There are two situations in cold weather which are best handled by distinct legwear strategies.

When you are hiking, you'll generate a tremendous amount of heat and perspiration. Except in extreme cold weather, there is almost never a need to wear the three tiers of pants while moving. In fact, it is a prudent strategy to keep the insulating and windproofing bottoms inside your pack. For the minimum temperatures we generally encounter, polypro underwear covered by BDUs do the job quite well.

When you stop, add the wool/fleece insulating layer and the outer windproof layer early in the rest period, so you don't begin to shiver.

In general, the same concept about moving/stopping applies to torsowear. However, because the vital organs require it, you need to be more vigilant that the torso area is kept warm. Thus you'll want to don the insulating layers for your torso in conditions where your legs can be comfortable with less.

A large portion of body heat escapes through your head. A hat can therefore be used to regulate the temperature of your entire body. In warm weather, baseball-type caps with mesh sidepanels or the longer-brimmed outdoorsman equivalent are the apparel of choice. In cold weather, you should don/doff your winter hat (many varieties exist) as required to avoid perspiration but conserve desired heat.

Cotton and Down
During exertion in cold weather, 100% cotton garments get dangerously cold when wet. Many deaths have occurred because of hypothermia which cotton failed to prevent. The common portrait of the rugged outdoorsman in his cotton long-underwear undershirt, flannel lumberjack shirt, and cotton hooded sweatshirt is a picture of impending disaster.

Conversely, in hot weather, cotton is quite comfortable because it cools you as perspiration evaporates.

Garments containing down are excellent insulators per pound of material, but they lose most of their insulating value when wet. If you choose garments containing down, it's best to keep them safely dry in plastic inside your pack, and always prevent them from getting wet from perspiration or the elements.

Self-Quiz on Clothing - Part 2

  1. What medical condition can lead to death because of improper clothing?
  2. What are the layers of the three-tiered clothing system?
  3. Why is common rainwear not part of the standard three-tiered system?
  4. What is one problem with wearing extra socks in cold weather?
  5. Why should you wear a hat in the summertime?
  6. What is a drawback of using down for an insulating layer?
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Who's Who and New by Bob Ulibarri
To start with, let me be the first to welcome Don E. Gibson (not WHEEZER) to the team. He has had his orientation and has all of the gear to go on missions (with an active member of CSAR), so please help him if you see him on a mission.

Dave Dixon has completed his perspective period and now able to vote on team policy. So lets all welcome Dave to the ranks of "voting member".

As the end of my term closes in I would like to thank the membership for a great and productive year. We have made a great deal of progress in the membership process. We now have in place a quantifiable measurement for new members to obtain "voting" status. We have passed a set of standards that will only make this team more professional and will continue to increase the amount of respect we get from other SAR teams throughout the state. We have maintained an active core of new members throughout the year that has maintained our membership level in the middle to upper 30s. We are currently updating the Member Guide to reflect current team policy and this document should be completed early next year. You, as a member of Cibola SAR, should be proud of the progress that this team has made. You have played an active role in creating a team that is now one of the most respected teams in the New Mexico SAR community. Every one of you has made CSAR what it is today and you should be very proud!

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Coming Attractions by Tom Russo
This issue is the last for Volume 2. In closing the year I want once again to thank Mary Girven for setting up all of the web-based tools which make the editing and preparation of the newsletter so much easier.

In the coming volume I hope we can continue to provide an informative resource for our teammates and the wider audience we've attracted through our website. Again, the newsletter is open to contributors of all interests; if you'd like to cast your pearls of wisdom before the team please let me know and I can hound you mercilessly to get your contributions in before the deadline at the first of the month.

The member spotlights for the coming months will be on the newly elected officers, whoever they may be. Some of these will be reruns, but I hope we can get some new prose written, too. Back to Top
Public Relations by Mickey Jojola
Well, after going through all of the great stuff that Chuck left us, Tom and I have a plan of attack. With the end of the year coming up and the holidays here, we will get the yearbooks updated and get a running start on the next year. We never realized the shear amount of photos, information, and newspaper articles Chuck collected to accomplish this task. Once again my hat is off to Chuck for such a fine job. If all goes well we will be adding another feature: Tom and I are compiling a video montage of all of our missions which have been in the news, along with any training which has been video taped. We hope to have something to preview for the Christmas party. I look forward to the upcoming year with new PSAR opportunities. Happy Holidays! Back to Top
On the Right Track by Mickey Jojola
Well, one down and one to go! A big, hearty congratulations goes out to Mary and JC, who passed their field readiness evaluation test on November 22. It was a hair-raising experience but they passed with flying colors. The amount of training which is involved is great, but so is the amount to be involved in SAR. The new Cibola Training Standard is a good example. Through our actions we have achieved a great amount of respect in the search and rescue community. These training standards will help us to maintain that respect. By holding ourselves to a higher standard, we show that we are willing to advance in our chosen "hobby." By asking more of ourselves in our training, we are able to give more to the community which we serve so "that others may live." Congrats Mary and JC for a job well done. Back to Top
Web News by Tom Russo
There are a couple of new photographs on the web site, taken by Terri Mindock at our low-angle litter training.

I would like to remind everyone that if you are able to access the newsletter through the web, please do so instead of taking paper copies at the meeting. If you've "been meaning to check out the web site" and just can't remember where it is, it's at http://www.cibolasar.org/.

If you have no web access, but have a computer and a modem, come talk to me. I'll get you railroaded to an Internet Service Provider and get you into the 21st century right away.

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Classified Ads (20 words maximum, no services)
1977 Chevy Blazer. 4WD, AT, winch, 1" steel bumpers. Completely restored paint, interior. New engine. $6900. Contact Paul Husler.

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Disclaimer the Editors
The information in this newsletter was gathered from many sources and presents facts as we believe them to be true. This newsletter is not meant to be an official document, but a means to disseminate team information. TML>