Volume 2, Issue 2
February 13, 1997
Editors: Chuck and Mary Girven,
and Mickey Jojola

"That Others May Live..."
Top of the Hill
Pinching Pennies
Public Relations
Web News
Classified Ads
Recent Missions
Boots and Blisters
Who's Who and New
On the Right Track
Special Notes
Business as Usual
Gearing Up
Member Spotlight
Feature Article
Callout Information
Top of the Hill by Mike Dugger
This really is an exciting time to be a member of Cibola SAR! We have started working towards our 1997 goals as discussed during the last couple of months. I encourage you to stay informed of upcoming events by listening to our voice mailbox a couple of times per week. Let me take this opportunity to provide a brief description of some of the things going on:

The scope and depth of the activities reflected above demonstrate the dedication and hard work of many members, and the fact that we all enjoy working together. We rely on the continued interest and involvement of our members for this organization to continue to grow. I welcome each of you to find an issue you are passionate about, either an existing one or a brand new idea, and get involved!
Boots and Blisters by Larry Mervine
We had eleven members attend the snowshoe training on January 11, 1997. The plan was to take a compass bearing and follow that bearing for 20 minutes and then add 90 degrees. After three turns this should eventually return us to our vehicles. We packed our gear and started off. The day was warm, the skies were blue, but the snow was only 8-10 inches in depth. One member actually walked the hike without snowshoes. We were enjoying the snowhike when a member complainted about a stomach ache. We assessed the situation. One member with a radio started back to the vehicles with the sick member. The rest continued on. Two compass turns later the skies became a dark gray and moving in our direction, so we started our return leg back to the vehicles. We then contacted the two members that should have returned by now. The transmission that came over the radio informed us that our member's condition had gotten worse and they needed help, so we rushed over the team member, now "the subject." The subject was then lead back to the vehicles. It turned out to be a case of food posioning. We never know when a teammate will have a problem, so always watch out for each other on missions and trainings.
Upcoming Trainings
Feb. 13Thu6:30 pmGear & Clothing
Larry M.
Mike D.
Feb. 14Fri4:00 pmWinter SurvivalBruce B.
Feb. 15Sat7:00 am - 5:00 pmMt. Taylor 
Mar. 13Thu6:30 pmSafety
John M.
Mar. 16Sun1:00 - 4:00 pmPractice Search
Loc. TBA
Apr. 10Thu6:30 pmUTM
Map & Compass
Apr. 12Sat9:00 am - 1:00 pmCertification ReviewLoc. TBA
Apr. 19Sat??First chance to take
SAR certification
Loc. TBA

Hike of the MonthChamiso, Cedro Ridge, Meadow Ridge, Meadow Trails0900, February 22-23, 1997
Trailhead:Chamisoso Road, South14, 1.2 Miles South of Old 66, 'East' side
R.T. Distance: @8 milesElevation Min/Max: 6500/7400
Hiking Time @3.5 hoursHazards: Speeding mountain bikers, mud
Topos: Cedro Peak Trails Map, Sedillo Topo, Tijeras Topo
Follow Trail #462 (Chamisoso Road) about 15 minutes. @50 yards past the sign 'Street Closed 1000 Ft', it goes up the hill to your right. UTM 375.0, 3880.8. Follow this for about an hour until you see the sign for Trail #13 (Cedro Ridge Tr.). This area is known locally as the 'four corners' (see Cedro Trails map). UTM 378.0, 3881.3. Take Trail #13 'south'. There are a number of confusing cross-trails near this junction - to stay on #13, stick to the 'middle' trail. Don't go downhill - it should always seem that you are on (or heading to) the 'crown' of the ridge. In about 1/4 mile, you should come to a rock-strewn uphill stretch. The bikers call this area the '5 hills of death', and you'll comprehend their naming convention if you're on the proper trail. After about 30 minutes puffing up Trail #13, there will be a triangular junction with a sign (on your left) for trails 13 and 252C (Meadow-Ridge Tr.). UTM 377.8, 3879.9. Go left on 252C for 15 minutes, where you'll see the sign for Trail #12 (Meadow Tr.). UTM 378.7, 3879.1. Go left ('north') on Trail #12 for about 30 minutes until you reach a 'Y' where one branch goes left up the hill. This is beyond the windmill, and there is a signpost with no decals at that junction. UTM 378.3, 3881.2. Go up the hill, ignoring the sign pointing to Trail #13, and in a few minutes you reach the familiar junction of #462 and #13. Then return to the parking area on #462. At various places along the route there are side trails. These all head off to meet other trails in the Cedro Peak maze. You may want to explore a few sidepaths on subsequent trips. It's a great area to create loop hikes that last 3 to 4 hours. I find it a nice place to hike after work when I don't want to battle elevation gain. Note how far back a rescue vehicle could get.
Business as Usual by John Mindock
  1. While Bob adjusts to his Membership Officer role, I'll continue to keep track of Name/Address/Phone information and attendance.
  2. I've created two new categories of 'Mission Attendance' this year. One is for those who do official ICS tasks (e.g., FC or Section Chief), and the other is for those who handle the phones. Previously I had just lumped all attendance together, and there was a judgement call on the 'phone' category. This will give us the ability to better quantify the actual field response to a mission, plus will keep records of everyone who does phones and ICS. Also, a person could get multiple credits if they do the phones, perform ICS tasks, and hit the field (on a long mission like the one in the Zunis).
  3. I don't feel that reading the entire minutes of the previous meeting is a valid use of time in our business meetings. The minutes are available on the www, and I'll also mail them to anyone who so requests. If anyone thinks it is a worthwhile use of business meeting time to read them in their entirety (instead of the highlights, as I now do), please contact any officer so we can formulate the issue for the team to decide. I estimate it would usually take about 10 minutes to read them. If you don't have access to the www, and want a copy mailed to you, please contact me. If you have any other suggestions or comments on this issue, contact any officer.
Pinching Pennies by Melissa Smith
I've encountered some consistent problems on the gas vouchers; these need to be addressed to speed up processing.
  1. Always remember to write down the mission numbers
  2. Remember to write down the mission date
  3. In the section for fuel used, fill in the gallons of fuel used
  4. In the cost section, put the price per gallon
  5. Fill in the total amount due
  6. Sign your name and check the reimburse or donate section
  7. Another common problem is not turning the vouchers in on time
These instructions and more are on the back of our current gas vouchers. Ask me for a copy if you need one.

Also, whistles and Sandia maps are available for purchase. Let me know if you want any.
Who's Who and New by Bob Ulibarri
Things in the membership arena are moving right along. The new member orientation package will be complete this month with perspective members being given this package at the meeting and the actual orientation taking place (hopefully) the following week. Also, in discussions with the other officers, it was felt that we needed to come up with a consistent start date for all new members. So, with that stated, the six month evaluation period will now start at orientation. This way our record keeping will be easier and all new members will know exactly when their six month time frame begins. I am also completing a "welcome" letter for people who come to our meeting for the first time. It will basically give them a brief outline of what will go on before they are ready for an orientation. I will have some at the February meeting if anyone would like to see it. And as always if you have any questions on anything that is going on with membership, please give me a call (at home) 286-1002. I would like to remind you that the following people are now active members of Cibola SAR: Andrew Parker, and Mary Girven. Let me be the first to congratulate them. Lastly, please remember that the following people are up for active membership in March: Tom Russo, Ella May Robinson and John Schroeder.
Gearing Up by Melinda Ricker
At the last Equipment Committee meeting on January 18th we marked and tagged all our team gear, and work is in progress on maintenance and usage logs. If you have questions or are interested in attending the next Equipment Committee meeting, contact me for time and location.
Public Relations by Chuck Girven
On February 2nd we had our second meeting of the Preventative SAR committee. We finalized our first presentation titled "What is SAR?" which will be available for presentations by team members shortly. If you are interested in giving a presentation or participating, contact Marnie Boren or Chuck Girven. Our next meeting will be on February 24th at 6:30 pm at the IHOP on Central just west of Tramway. The next presentation we will be working on will be Children's SAR.
On the Right Track: Dogs in Search and Rescue by Mary Berry
Dogs have been used to search for people for hundreds of years. First used in Europe, they were used in wilderness settings (mostly Avalanche work) and to track down escaped prisoners. Later, in America, dogs were mostly used to hunt down prisoners and slaves. The use of dogs evolved into search and rescue work more recently, utilizing both dogs that are trained similar to the avalanche method (airscent) and dogs that mainly follow track (tracking/trailing). Cibola SAR has both types of search dogs.

Airscent dogs predominantly work by constantly checking the wind for any hint of any human scent. They are usually worked off lead, and are sent away from the dog handler to "go out and check the wind." This results in a dog that is casting about in front of the handler to cover the assigned territory, working from left to right of the handler, according to the handler's search plan and wind direction. The dog returns to the handler periodically to "check in". It is the handler's responsibility to make sure the dog casts about enough to satisfactorily cover the area. When the dog catches the scent of the person, he follows it. When he finds the person, he typically returns to the handler giving a trained "find alert" the handler recognizes. Then the dog takes the handler to the person, performing a "refind".

Tracking/trailing dogs predominantly work by constantly checking the ground for scent of the particular person they are searching for. They are started by being told to smell an article of clothing belonging to that person. Thus, they discriminate this person's scent from others. They are started at the place last seen, where the trail of scent is known to start. These dogs usually are worked in a harness and on a long lead, and the handler goes wherever the dog leads him, ultimately following the direction the person took until they catch up to him.

Notice that the word used to describe where the dog looks for scent is PREDOMINANTLY ground or wind. Both types of dogs actually get the scent from wherever they can, and do not always restrict themselves to just ground or air scent.

There are, of course, some variations in the methods as well. Some airscent dogs are trained to scent discriminate also, such that they will only alert on the subject and not other searchers. The trained "find alert" can also vary tremendously. Trailing dogs are sometimes worked off lead, and sometimes can be assigned to an area to try to find the trail of scent.

There are certain search scenarios that are well suited for dogs. The best use of an airscent dog is for searching a large area. This is because the dog does most of the leg work by ranging away from the handler for good distances. Trailing dogs are handy for determining the correct direction of travel from the place last seen. In all cases, the fresher the scent, the more likely the dog will be useful as a resource. This is why handlers are appreciative if they are called as one of the search's first resources.

Using dogs also has it's pitfalls. Breezy wind conditions can reek havoc on scent, literally blowing it to the next county. Large areas of scent where the subject spent a lot of time, called scent pools, can cause the dog to circle around indefinitely. Hot weather and deep snow can make a dog's usefulness amount to zero. They are certainly not infallible.

Cibola's canine unit has both airscent and trailing dogs. We have been in the process of developing evaluation standards for determining mission-readiness in our dogs. This summer, we hope to have most of our dogs mission ready. In the meantime, our unit's biggest goal is to convey to the rest of the team, and the search community in general, how serious we are about developing a good reputation. We are strict with each other about conducting ourselves and our dogs in a professional manner. We feel strongly about how a search dog should behave at search base and in the field. When a dog is present at search base, everyone there assumes he is a trained, mission-ready dog. We want everyone's assumption to be correct! I believe that these feelings are clear when you read the canine unit guidelines in Appendix E of the new Cibola Member Guide (please take a moment to read them!).

I would like to extend an invitation to everyone to talk to anyone on the canine unit about our goals, trainings, or the guidelines. We are striving to continue to be an interwoven part of Cibola SAR, not a separate entity.
Member Spotlight: Don Gibson
I was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and at age four my family moved to Anaheim, California. I attended elementary school and then in seventh grade moved to Encino, California. I graduated from Encino High School in 1967 and had been active in band for ten years and a member of the Encino Police Explorer Troop. I got my first job at 14 years old and by the time I graduated, I was putting in about 40 hours a week at work along with high school. Upon graduating from high school, it was a given that you would be drafted in the Marines or Army, so I enlisted in the Air Force.

After six months training as a weapons specialist, I volunteered for the Air Commands and completed gunship training along with two survival schools, the last being snake school in the Philippines.

I arrived in Danang, Vietnam at 19 years old and spent the next year flying on fixed winged gunships as an aerial gunner.

Returning to the states, I was assigned to load nuclear weapons on F-106 jets at Hamilton Air Base, San Francisco. In 1971 I went back to Vietnam as a sergeant and instructor gunner flying missions over Laos. It was on this tour that my crew was involved in a shoot-down and I got first hand knowledge of being on the other side of a search and rescue mission.

After my discharge in 1972, I married my high school sweetheart, that lasted fourteen years, and worked many jobs leading up to general manager of an industrial tool company.

In 1978, at the urging of our parents, my two brothers, myself, our three wives and Mom and Dad moved to Los Lunas, New Mexico to start up Accutrak Manufacturing Corporation, building horse and equipment trailers. In 1980 we formed Three G's Properties, investing in real estate.

In 1992 live was good, I had a divorce, both business ventures were successful, and I had more time off. It was then I met Bruce Berry. He was looking for a trailer to carry a snowcat on SAR missions. That perked my interest and shortly thereafter I joined Cibola SAR. Bruce never did buy a trailer from me.

When I joined CSAR we had a dozen members and on one of my first training hikes uphill (I've never gone downhill in SAR), Mary Berry nicknamed me "Wheezer", she didn't like me spitting up pieces of my lungs on her pack. After three years in the field, I decided to find a better route for my lungs so I went to field coordinator school and I'm now a Type II Incident Commander in District 5.

I've watched CSAR grow from a dozen to four dozen active members, and just as important, the state of New Mexico re-structure it's search methods to allow us to be more effective on a SAR mission.

At present I serve on three Board of Directors and I am secretary of the Vietnam Veterans of America, Chapter 318 in Albuquerque.

The only hobbies I have are SAR and sailing (I've got a good buy on a 15 foot West Wright Potter, Jib and Main Sails, and a 3 H.P. motor).

What I enjoy most about SAR are the people, not the missions. We've got an outstanding team within the state and it's the members that make it that way. I've been and done some interesting things in my life, but I don't believe I've ever had more enjoyment than working with this group of people in the wee morning hours, and of course, breakfast.
Web News by Mary Girven
The web server for our development site at Sandia changed last month to a bigger, faster machine. If you have a bookmark that looks like "http://bali.ms.sandia.gov/csar", it should be changed to "http://www.ctbt.rnd.doe.gov/csar" (call me if you don't know how to modify a bookmark). CSAR members should still see their name at the top of the page. Call me if you have problems accessing the web site -- I'll be happy to help.
NMESC Notes by John Mindock
This year's ESCAPE is again at Bonita Park, near Ruidoso (May 10-11). The next NMESC newsletter will have the Registration forms for the ESCAPE. I'll make copies of the newsletter which will be distributed at the March meeting. In addition, the newsletter will have brief descriptions of this year's course offerings.

Remember that the team reimburses registration fees. The fee schedule will be in the newsletter.

The team will not handle registration, etc. - you are responsible for that. The team does not reimburse for any 'late fees' - just for the basic registration amount.
Winter Mission in the Pecos Wilderness by John Mindock
The callout came at about 2200 Friday night. Two lost snow-shoers on the Windsor trail in the Pecos wilderness near Santa Fe. By about 2300, St. John's team 1 was headed up the trail. The temperature was in the teens with below-zero wind chills, and a snowstorm was predicted for Saturday night. Early Saturday morning, team 1 found tracks that likely belonged to the subjects. They followed the tracks over the hill and into the drainage. The snow was waist-deep and occasionally neck-deep.
At 0800 they got a response, and found the subjects at 0830. The boy was hypothermic, unable to walk, and the woman was shivering. Both had wet clothing and nothing for backup. The team gave them sleeping bags and dry clothes, and got them into a sunny spot on the snow. The team was quite tired from the trek, the cold, and the lack of sleep. There was too much snow to make a fire, but there was sunshine for some warmth. Sunset would be about 1700.
The standard evacuation option for this area is to struggle back up the drainage and down the Windsor trail. However, they needed an akja for the boy. If they took this option, with the wait for the akja to be dragged up to them, they estimated it would be past midnight Saturday before they got out. Another option was to get up to a landing zone (LZ) which was one kilometer from them, 500 feet elevation gain (to about 10000 ft.). They didn't think they could do the evacuation with only three of them, trying to limp along with the boy and the woman.
The decision was made to use a National Guard chopper to drop off another team and an akja at the LZ. Unfortunately, that team got onto the wrong drainage, and did not meet up with Team 1 until about 1330. Their progress back to the LZ was hampered by deep snow, and ended up being a series of exhausting 50 yard segments. They finally completed the kilometer to the LZ at 1600, hard work for more than 2 hours on what is a 15 minute trip in summer. The subjects were evacuated first, and the team got to Incident Base about 1700.
Team 1 was in bitter cold and deep snow, with alternate periods of exhausting work and waiting around at high elevation, for a total of 18 hours. This scenario is not uncommon for missions in the Pecos area. Consider your own level of physical fitness, as well as the clothing, gear, food, and water you carry in your winter search pack. Make sure you have the conditioning and equipment needed to avoid hypothermia and frostbite before you go into the field on a Pecos mission in winter.
Wind Speed Estimation Guide (MPH)
25-31Large branches moving. Whistling heard in overhead wires.
32-38Whole trees moving. Inconvenience in walking against wind.
39-46Small branches break (twigs). Impedes walking.
47-54Slight structural damage. Larger branches and weak limbs may break.
55-63Moderate structural and tree damage.
65+Heavy to severe structural and tree damage.
Classified Ads (20 words maximum, no services)
Randall Wahlert has received his dealer license at the auto auction. If anyone is looking for a vehicle give him a call.
Special Notes
Congratulations to Larry and Vangie Mervine who were married on January 17th!!!!
Disclaimer the Editors
The information in this newsletter was gathered from many sources and presents facts as we believe them to be true. This newsletter is not meant to be an official document, but a means to disseminate team information. TML>