Volume 2, Issue 7
July 10, 1997
Editors: Chuck and Mary Girven,
and Mickey Jojola

"That Others May Live..."
Top of the Hill
Web News
Public Relations
Bronze Boot
Classified Ads
Boots and Blisters
Who's Who and New
On the Right Track
Special Notes
Business as Usual
Coming Attractions
Member Spotlight
Feature Articles
Top of the Hill by Mike Dugger
During the past few months, many of my articles and discussions at meetings have been on the subject of training standards. Why am I so caught up on the idea of training standards, anyway? Do we really need them? Let me start by describing what I think such a system might look like. Very simply, a description in our bylaws about what minimum set of skills every person on this team needs to have, plus a requirement that each member have the training annually, or every six months, or whatever interval is appropriate. Many of these would be covered by the existing state certification system, so we need do nothing more. Those not covered by state certification would require that we adopt an existing standard for that skill (few exist other than NASAR, which is very comprehensive), or write our own. Training events would be organized to provide training in all the skills we decide are needed as a minimum. In addition to taking attendance, we would document that each member participated and demonstrated the skill(s) being taught.

In addition to protection against liability in the unlikely event that we are called upon to justify what we claim to be able to do, standards are a good idea anyway. One argument against standards I have heard is that our present system is good enough. Right now we require our members to attend two training events every six months. Are you satisfied that your teammate has all the training needed to handle the situation? Suppose they met our requirement by attending training on search techniques and litter packaging within six months. Now you are in unfamiliar country and must rely on your land navigation skills to get back to base camp. Was that add or subtract magnetic declination? If you’re lucky, you or someone else on your team attended map and compass training and can get you home. Of course, to be sure you can handle the situation, you could go to all the training events and not worry about what anyone else can do. I think this attitude undermines a fundamental premise on our team - that we rely on one another. Our cooperative spirit and teamwork is one of the things that sets us apart from many other teams in the state. I would personally want a second opinion out there, or the opportunity to offer an informed recommendation, not everyone blindly following one person. Are we going to be a team of peers, or do we want a few "experts" that are always the team leaders on field assignments?

Changing the subject…remember that it is the responsibility of the person who holds team pager #1 (or pager #2 if pager #1 does not answer the page) to call the person who pages our team. If more than one member calls the person paging us, it makes us look unprofessional as well as taking time away from getting our team deployed. We have a deployment system in place that has proven to be effective. If you think it is not working, bring it to the attention of the officers and we’ll address the problem as a team. Don’t take it upon yourself to modify our system on the spot.
Boots and Blisters by Larry Mervine
Summer Bivy '97, June 14-15, 1997 (by Chuck Girven)
On June 14th 1997 Cibola Search and Rescue had their annual summer bivy. This year Larry Mervine, our training officer decided to incorporate the use of GPSs in the training. We were given the UTM coordinates to the camp site and the CSAR members had to choose the best way there by using a topo map (Aspen quad). Our objective was to arrive by 1800, but as usual, things do not go as planned. The last of the eight members and two guests arrived at camp around 2030.

We arrived at the Santa Fe Ski Resort parking lot at around 1300 and proceeded up the Windsor Trail to the Nambe Lake Trail turnoff, from which point it was all uphill until we reached Nambe Lake. Two members had gone up earlier that morning to try some fishing. With this in mind, the rest of us forged on with hopes of fried fish awaitng us. The weather was clear for most of the day but as night came on a thunderstorm started to roll in. As we hiked to our camp we all admired the scenery that surrounded us. We went from summer type weather to six feet of snow in just a matter of hours. Yes, that's right, snow. The lake we were hoping for fish from was still mostly frozen over from winter. After everyone set up their night's bivy we had supper. Mike Dugger was scheduled to give a talk on summer clothing, but decided to let our experiences with diverse weather conditions on our day's hike suffice. We all knew what to do when we are out on a mission and bad weather rolls in. After supper most of us retired to try and get some sleep. With all the snoring that was going on there was no fear of any wild animal paying us a visit. It probably sounded like a crew of lumberjacks were cutting down the forest and the animals stayed away for fear of their lives.

Morning came and was crisp and clear. After a brief breakfast we struck camp and departed on the hike back to the cars. On the way back a few members encountered a couple of lost hikers and helped get them turned around and headed towards their right destination. We stopped and talked with several other hikers about conditions by Nambe Lake, and the need to drink more water.

The GPSs CSAR members recently purchased proved their usefullness on this hike. Because more and more of our missions are occurring out of district in areas where we are not familiar, a map and a GPS will help us to know where we are and locate basecamp too.

The training for our pre-business meeting training is litter packing by Mike and Bob.

The following weekend the training is a mock search on the West side of the Manzanos. We will be using the litter training from the pre-business meeting training. The directions will be passed out at the business meeting. This training will be like a real search with teams being deployed in search areas. The time is set for 1:00 pm, Sunday, July 13th. This is mid-day, so be prepared for hot desert conditions. Some ecommendations for hot desert conditions: Lots of water, sun screen, sun glasses, hat, long pants and shirt. Also, this area will be flat and featureless, so think about how you will navigate. Meet at 12:30 pm at the McDonalds in Los Lunas. Directions: Take I-25 South, exit at #203 (Los Lunas), go east 4 stop lights. You will see the McDonalds on the left-hand side. Further directions will be distributed. Don't be late.

Upcoming training in August: Low angle litter evac.

Hike of the MonthCienega, South Crest, Canoncito, Faulty trails0730, Jul 26/27, 19971997
Trailhead: Cienega trailhead - west end of Cienega picnic ground (Crest road)
R.T. Distance: @8 milesElevation Min/Max: 7400/9400
Hiking Time: @4.0 hoursHazards: Unleashed dogs, poison ivy.
Topo Maps: FS map of the Sandias
This is a loop route. Go west up the Cienega trail to the S. Crest trail. Go south to the Canoncito trail. Go east to the Faultytrail. Return North to the Cienega. The Cienega picnic ground is a place where the Forest Service charges a fee. If you go on the dates above, and have the orange SAR decal on your vehicle, you are exempt from the fee because I have registered these dates as SAR training with the FS. If you go on any other dates, the orange decal is not recognized.
Business as Usual by John Mindock
A new phone list has been created. The branches are fundamentally based on ZIP code. This is to make collaboration on car caravans, etc. more simple. If you have any concerns about your branch, please contact me. We modify the phone list occasionally because it gets spread out geographically as new persone get added to their mentors list.
Web News by Mary Girven
I recently added Search Techniques and Frequently Asked Questions pages to the Home Page, and soon will be linking a Gear/Clothing List to the FAQs.

We're working on switching our "real" website from Albuquerque ROS (http://www.abq.com/csar) to Southwest Cyberport which has a UNIX based system more closely resembling our development server, but because my wrist is acting up again, the going is slower than I'd like. Look for some nice improvements soon though.
Who's Who and New
Coming Attractions by Chuck Girven
Look for more of Mickey's Pathogen articles. Also, we just received permission to reprint some really nice articles by John Krist of the Ventura County Star.
Public Relations by Chuck Girven
We had a PSAR meeting on June 23, 1997 at the IHOP on Tramway and Central. Three CSAR members were in attendance. We reviewed the NASAR coloring book that I recently ordered. We discussed the CSAR coloring book we have in the works. The next PSAR meeting will be at Chuck Girven's house at 1830 on July 14. There will be a BBQ grill going so bring a hamburger patty or two (or anything else you'd like to grill and/or share) and join in on the fun. We will be looking at pictures and plan on arranging a new display for presentations.
On the Right Track by Mickey Jojola
The K-9 standards guild is finished and out for review. After months of writing and rewriting, thanks to Mary, we can look forward to moving on. Our next "adventure" is to come up with training forms which will be somewhat universal (between airscent and trailing). These forms will aid us in further training and trouble shooting, if needed. These forms will be available in the near future.

Well it's that time of year again and the K-9 resource unit is planning its second anual overnighter. The purpose of this event is to give the dogs and their handlers a chance to intensivly train for the weekend. It also gives us handlers, and others who are interested, a chance to get to get together and brainstorm for future events. It also serves as a CTF (Chew The Fat) around a campfire in the wilderness. I expect that this year's will be as fun as last year's. All are welcome and encouraged to attend and participate. This year we will hold it in the Jemez Mountains past Fenton Lake between Jemez Springs and Cuba. Details of the location will be availabe on the voice mail or contact Mickey or Mary Berry.

Some trainings coming in the future include another working weekend with the Bernalillo County Mounted SAR, this may include another helochopter; and water search techniques, which involve the subject near a body of water. And many many more.
Member Spotlight: Tom Russo
Mary and Chuck said they wanted some of the new blood to write a spotlight, and as long as we've got so few missions now I guess I have the time...

I am an immigrant from the Eastern Bloc, where I was born and where I lived for the first 23 years of my life. I benefitted greatly from the education available through the New York City Public School System, and eventually received my B.A and M.A. in physics from Hunter College, where I met my daughter Katarina's mom, Elyse. We married in January 1986 and in June 1986 we fled to the United States, specifically Texas, where I attended gradual school at the University of Texas at Austin for four years. After mucking around as an experimental physicist for those years I decided I was much more a theoreticial sort of a guy and switched advisors; my new advisor promptly defected to New York's Columbia University, and I was repatriated for two years while I finished my degree in Chemical Physics there. Katarina was born there, and was pretty much the only good thing I can remember about the Rotten Apple during those two years.

During my stay at the University of Texas at Austin I'd spent the summer of 1988 at the Santa Fe Institute's first annual Complex System Summer School at St. John's College. Thus began what Edward Abbey would have called my "lifelong love affair with a pile of rocks." I returned to Santa Fe with Elyse for a vacation in Santa Fe National Forest the next year, and from then on looked for ways I could get to live out this way. After my two-year stint at Columbia that opportunity arose when I managed to fool the folks at Los Alamos National Laboratory into hiring me to do computational chemistry for three years, during which time I became the half-time single dad you see before you today. And after that the Los Alamotians were still fooled thoroughly enough to recommend me to someone down here at Sandia to do more of the same. I learned about CSAR from the article in the Sandia newsletter, and I called Bruce Berry about joining the team within minutes of reading it. I haven't been on very many missions yet --- daddyhood takes precedence, and people seem to like to get lost most often when I've got that hat strapped on --- but I'm looking forward to a long and happy relationship with this great group of people.
Bronze Boot

Andrew Parker, April 1997
There weren't any nominations this month, but these pictures represent previous Bronze Boot recipients receiving the award.
Chuck Girven and Bob Schwartz, May 1997
NMESC Notes by Mickey Jojola
The new board met on June 21st at the State Police Office on Carlisle. The meeting went well with the main focus being on the ESCAPE. If all goes as planed, we will try and meet next year at a new establishment up north (maybe?). As soon as details come in I will let you know about the WFA classes to be held this fall.
Feature Articles:

Pathogens in SAR by Mickey Jojola
As members of the search and rescue community we have a lot to be worried about. With hiking in the middle of the night to the constant danger of falling rocks or falling off cliffs. One thing of great concern, but rarely addressed is the danger of pathogens. These can exist either in the natural environment such as giardia, hanta virus, and tetanus or in the form of blood born pathogens such as hepatitis (A - G), AIDS, or even influenza. The purpose of this first article is to try and inform you of the possible hazards that could exist in the field for SAR volunteers. The next article will focus on the location, prevention and the possible treatments of such pathogens. First on the list of "Wee Beasties" are those that we in the field are likely to encounter. Those are the viruses and bacteria associated with environmental factors such as water, rodents, or animal fecal matter. These consist of Giardia, Cryptospridiosis, Hantavirus, Lyme disease, and the Plague.

The other side of these pathogens lies within the blood and tissues of those infected. In the field it is not only possible but probable that a SAR volunteer will come in contact with a subject, or other person, who has been injured. Injury does not imply that the person is infected with a contagious and deadly disease but precautions should be taken nonetheless. Of the many nasties out there this article will focus on Hepatitis (A - G), AIDS, Streptococcus A, and Influenza.

This list is by far not complete. As you can see from those listed, these little nasties are not to be taken lightly. In the next article we will discuss sources of infection and prevention/treatment.

Caution Near Civilization by John Mindock
Occasionally we are searching in the vicinity of campers, cabins, or homes on the 'urban interface' to the Forest. Sometimes we are mistakenly presumed to be law enforcement officers, and certain individuals might react to that presumption in a manner that could endanger us.

Some cautions need to be taken, especially late at night:

Areas of this nature where we might be sent are: The Cedro peak region, Evergreen Estates near the south Piedra Lisa trailhead, the Tramway trail, the Tunnel Springs area, lower trails on the East side of the Sandias, and the various campgrounds of the Manzanos. During hunting season, any hunting camp should be treated as a potential safety hazard.

Frequently Asked Questions by John Mindock
Classified Ads (20 words maximum, no services)
Special Notes
Happy Birthday to Terry Hardin (6/10) -- submitted by Chuck Girven
Disclaimer the Editors
The information in this newsletter was gathered from many sources and presents facts as we believe them to be true. This newsletter is not meant to be an official document, but a means to disseminate team information.