Lost and Found... the newsletter of Volume 3, Issue 2
12 February 1998
Editors: Tom Russo, Mike Dugger,
and Mickey Jojola

Cibola Search and Rescue
"That Others May Live..."
Top of the Hill
Mini Lesson
Public Relations
Web News
Classified Ads
Boots and Blisters
Who's Who and New
On the Right Track
Business as Usual
Coming Attractions
Member Spotlight
Feature Article
Back to Top
Top of the Hill by John Mindock
Here's how the mail is handled this year. I go to the PO Box twice a week. If the mail is addressed to a particular team member, it is forwarded to that person. If addressed simply to the team, the Secretary reads it and forwards it to a particular person (usually an officer or committee chair who handles the duty associated with the mailing). Various methods of forwarding are used, depending on the urgency of the mailing and the options available for the recipient.

Please listen to the hotline at least once a week. Between meetings, it is not unusual for the Officers to receive updates to events. I'll get those updates onto the hotline as soon as I know about them. I also check the hotline every day for messages.

Thanks for the attention and patience during the votes on reimbursements at the last meeting. Be assured there will be more votes of that nature when spending is requested. I.e., not simply Y/N, but rather a choice on how much the majority thinks the team should spend on an event. Back to Top
Boots and Blisters by Paul Husler
I wanted to let everyone know as early as possible about a change in the 1998 training schedule. Because of the Easter holiday, the Sunday, April 12th training has been changed to Saturday, April 11th.

March Winter Skills Training by Mike Dugger
We will meet in the early afternoon for a short hike out to the training location. Snowshoes will probably be required to get to the training location. After a discussion of different types of shelters, how to select a location, and some construction tips, participants will construct emergency shelters. The goal of this training is for participants to learn how to construct shelters from materials in their packs and what is available in the wilderness, in order to gain confidence that they can safely spend the night outdoors in winter.

Shelter construction should be complete by approximately 4:30 pm. We will then have a discussion of other winter skills topics, such as recognizing and preventing hypothermia, appropriate clothing, maintaining energy in cold weather, etc. The daytime phase of the training should be complete by approximately 6:00 pm. Participants may then depart, but are encouraged to spend the night in the shelter they constructed to fully appreciate the importance of these skills. Those spending the night should be back at their vehicles by 8:00 am.

Participants should bring water-resistant outerwear to prevent getting soaked during shelter construction. Some high energy snacks are a good idea, as well as additional food for those planning to spend the night. A 4' by 8' tarp or two are good for ground cover and as elements of a winter shelter. A space blanket, sleeping pad, sleeping bag, and bivy or extra space blanket should be included for those planning to spend the night. Warm clothing (anticipate temperatures well below freezing) and water are obviously required.

Hike of the MonthEmbudo Canyon0800, Feb 28 - Mar 1, 1998\01998
Trailhead: East end of Indian School Road
R.T. Distance: 6.0 milesElevation Min/Max: 6200/7800
Hiking Time 3.0 hoursHazards: Unleashed dogs
Topo Maps: USFS Map of the Sandias
Follow the obvious road east into the National Forest, where it changes to a sandy trail. As you pass through the boulder portion near the waterfall, you may lose sight of the trail. To find it, always look to the north side of the canyon.

After the boulder portion, the trail will cross the sandy wash and run parallel above it on the south side. As you cross, notice a trail that heads south up the hill straight ahead - this is a 'horse bypass' trail around the waterfall, and is a recommended option for your return route.

Later the trail will cross the wash heading north, and you'll begin a series of long switchbacks. At the top there is a signpost, hence the name 'Post Pass' for this area. You can turn back here or you can add another 1.5 hours to the trek by heading further north to Oso Pass, but there might be too much snow to do it without snowshoes.

Throughout the hike, take note of old trails and washes. Search assignments in this area probably would include such 'hasty' routes.
Back to Top
Business as Usual by Terri Mindock
Because I am the editor of the NMESC newsletter, I occasionally receive publications from other teams and SAR organizations, and thought Cibola members would be interested in looking at them. So I decided to consolidate them into a display binder, and will bring it to every General Meeting. If you would like to borrow one of the publications or get a copy, let me know. Also, if you know of another team in NM that publishes a newsletter and would like to see an issue, I'd be happy to try and track one down.

For a couple of years I've been making team business cards for Cibola's members, and would just like to let the newer people aware of this, as well as reiterate to the oldies. The cards are free of charge and available to any member. They are orange, have the team logo on them, and can include your name, address, phones, ham call-sign, email address, and whatever else you'd like printed. To order your set, send me the information you would like printed, and the quantity of cards (multiples of 10). Back to Top
Mini Lesson by Tom Russo

Basic Knots - Part 1


Count on it: sometime while on a mission you'll need to handle a rope or piece of webbing. Knowing how to tie the correct knot is essential, and not just because you'll have to demonstrate it as part of your litter-handling evaluation. In this brief piece I'll present the basic knots you're expected to be able to tie, and provide photos of each one being tied. Practice these knots until they're second nature! You should be reading this article with a piece of rope in your hand. PRACTICE as you read. I am including here the standard terminology of the knots presented. Avoid colloquial usages, as they are easily confused for each other, but be familiar with all the names so you can recognize them should others use them.

Rope Terminology

There are some common terms used in the knot literature, and you should be familiar with them. (Source: the Essential Knot Book by Colin Jarman)

On Knot Names

Before we start, I need to clear up one little point. There are at least three names for every knot I give here: a strictly-correct technical name (e.g. "Double Overhand Bend"), a colloquial name (e.g. "Double Fisherman's Knot") and at least one slang usage. I will strictly avoid slang usages and only present the technical and correct colloquial names of each knot. If you see a knot here which you believe is called something else, or if you see me calling a knot something that you believe is the name reserved to a different knot, you are encountering a difference between technical correctness and slang usage. The clearest example of this is the "Double Overhand Bend" which is colloquially named "Double Fisherman's Knot". This knot is so univerally used as a bend in the sport climbing community, to the exclusion of the knot which is really called the "Fisherman's Knot" that many climbers appear to have dropped the "double" from the name as a matter of conversational convenience. I will avoid such conveniences and stick completely to the accepted terms which appear in books on knots such as the definitive "Ashley's Book of Knots," or manuals such as the NASAR SAR Technician course textbook.

The Overhand Knot

Perhaps the most basic of all, the overhand knot is the basis for several other knots you will need to tie, so learn to recognize its shape. To tie it, simply make a single loop in the rope and pass the bitter end through.
Bummer --- this is a graphical article You should always back up any knot you tie, to give redundancy should the line slip. The overhand is a good knot to use as backup, although the double overhand is even better. When you back up a knot, tie the backup knot right next to the primary knot, not a few inches away.

The Figure 8 knot

The easiest way to describe making a figure 8 knot is to say that one makes a loop in the line, then wraps the bitter end around, passing it through the first loop at the second opportunity (passing it through on the first opportunity leads to an overhand knot). This is, of course, not the easiest way to picture it. Examine the pictures below.

Here's the first loop:
(graphics not available with this browser)
Pass the bitter end over the standing part again:
(graphics not available with this browser)
Now insert the bitter end through the back side of the original loop:
(graphics not available with this browser)
Pull the knot tighter and dress it up:
(graphics not available with this browser)
The Figure 8 knot is used as the basis of several other knots, but is often used by itself at the end of a line to keep the end from "unlaying" (fraying).

The double overhand knot ("grapevine")

This knot is similar to the overhand knot, but stronger. It is the basis of the double overhand bend ("double fisherman's knot" or "grapevine bend"), and can be used as a backup knot instead of the simple overhand knot.

Form a loop in the line, then pass the bitter end around the standing part:
(graphics not available with this browser)
Finally, pass the bitter end through both loops:
(graphics not available with this browser)

The Figure 8 Bend

To join two lines, begin with a Figure 8 knot in the first line, leaving a sizable tail. Feed the bitter end of the second line (shown below in blue) through the first figure 8 knot. Note that the bitter end of the blue rope is being fed in through the end of the knot from which the bitter end of the red rope emerges. When the knot is done the bitter end of each rope will lie along the standing part of the other.

(graphics not available with this browser)
Snake the second line through the original figure 8, following each curve exactly.
(graphics not available with this browser)
Nearly complete:
(graphics not available with this browser)
Now dress it up so that it lays properly THE KNOT IN THIS PHOTOGRAPH IS NOT CORRECTLY DRESSED, SORRY!.
(graphics not available with this browser)
and remember to back it up! (here it is, backed up on each end with overhand knots):
(graphics not available with this browser)

Figure 8 Rewoven

Nope, no pictures here, because tying it looks exactly like tying the figure 8 bend. The difference is that you tie it on one rope: tie a figure 8 well away from the bitter end, pass the bitter end around a tree, rock or other anchor, then treat the bitter end exactly as if it were the bitter end of a second rope --- the result will look exactly like a figure 8 bend, but you'll have tied the rope securely to the anchor. Of course you will still need to back it up.

Coming Attractions

In the next exciting episode I'll have pictures of how one combines these basic knots to form bends (note the colloquial names --- they're all properly called "bends", but colloquially they're named "knots"): and a few more important knots and hitches:

Self-Quiz on Basic Knots

Ten questions? Don't be silly. Just tie the things and compare them with the pictures until you can do it in your sleep. Back to Top
Who's Who and New by Mickey Jojola
Well another month has passed in this wonderful world of SAR. Congratulations go out to Don E. Gibson (not Wheezer) for completing the PACE certification test. Way to go! And now for a little of what is happening with Membership. We have 3 new people who, after this meeting, will be ready for an orientation. It will be their responsibility to get a hold of me for their information packets and for their orientation times. This insures that all interested persons are indeed just that, interested. I look forward to hearing from them and welcoming them to the team.

Mentors are needed for these and future new members. Anyone wishing to become a mentor please contact me ASAP. We are in need of willing mentors.

Have a safe and productive month! Back to Top
Coming Attractions by Tom Russo
March's newsletter will have part 2 of the knots lesson, a feature article by John Mindock, and a special surprise member spotlight. That last one means "whoever I can convince to write one by March First." Line forms to the right. Back to Top
Public Relations by Tom Russo
The public relations committee did not meet in January, but we plan to hold a meeting in mid-February. Please contact me or Mickey Jojola if you're interested in participating in assembling yearbooks and going over our "canned" PSAR presentation. And feel free to contact us if you have ideas for PR or PSAR activities. Back to Top
On the Right Track by Mary Berry
The K-9 Unit has recently finished a final draft of our new Training Log. A log is used to keep track of each dog's training and progression, and often is helpful in retrospect when specific training problems arise. (My dog's never done that before....Oh yes he has!!). It is a one page form (front and back), that is designed to be fast to fill out so it won't require quite so much self-discipline to do. Mickey has a contact that has agreed to print them up in a tablet for us, and we will begin using them this month.

The Unit continues to train every Wednesday night after work. These trainings are pretty short (about 1 1/2 hrs), and are held at various places around Albuquerque, usually in a neighborhood park. Typically, we work on building (up) skills, and this consists of obedience, socialization, short motivational exercises (fun, fast hide and seek games), and exercises intended to improve the Find Alert. Then on weekends, we work on search skills and techniques. These trainings take a few hours, depending on how complicated the search exercises are, and are held in various National Forest areas. These trainings include finding a person hiding for us, and we are always looking for volunteers (hint,hint). We have had a few new people on the team interested in training a dog, or just helping, so we decided to print a schedule to facilitate them. The scheduled trainings for Feb. and March are as follows:

Feb 1, 10amSearch skills, Placitas
Feb 4, 5:30pm Building skills, Snow Park
Feb 8, 10am Mickey J. & "Jake" : Mission-ready Evaluation
Feb 11, 5:30pm Building skills, Snow Park
Feb 18, 5:30pm Building skills, Taylor Ranch
Feb 22, 10am Search skills, Tunnel Canyon
Mar 4, 5:30pm Building skills, Lynnwood Park
Mar 8, 10am Search skills, Pine Flats
Mar 11, 5:30pm Building skills, Lynnwood Park
Mar 18, 5:30 pm Building skills, Hoffman Park
Mar 25, 5:30 pm Building skills, Hoffman Park
Mar 29, 10am Search skills, West Mesa
For specific details on meeting areas, contact me or Mickey Jojola. Back to Top
Member Spotlight: Terri Mindock
I was born and raised in the Minneapolis, Minnesota area. At around age 20 my interest turned to computers, where it's been ever since. At one point I worked for B. Dalton Booksellers in their main office in Bloomington, MN, where I did data entry, occasionally using an IBM keypunching machine to punch holes in cards for programs written by John Mindock. We started dating and three years later got married.

In 1987 the lure of the southwest became overwhelming and we found ourselves living outside of Phoenix, in a house we finished off ourselves. A couple of years later we got to a point in our financial status when we decided that I didn't need to continue working, so I found myself 'retired.' At this time, with a lot of crime happening in fast-growing Phoenix, I became interested in self-defense and took a community college course in self-defense for women. It was taught by a martial arts school owner and after the course was finished I was 'hooked'. So I decided to pursue a further education in Taekwondo. It turned out to be enormous fun - advancing through the belt colors, competing in tournaments, making lots of friends, and striving towards a black belt (I hold a first-degree black belt). I found I had a 'knack' for martial arts and was soon winning tournaments, including the Regional Tournament in Las Vegas, NV and the World Championship Tournament in Little Rock, AR. My pride and joy is a first place trophy I won as a brown belt from the World's in 1990!

I no longer take formal education in martial arts, but continue to practice on my own. Physical fitness has always been fundamental in my life and I maintain a long-time regimen of lifting weights and running. I also enjoy hiking in nature and getting out to explore New Mexico's wilderness. I started in search and rescue in the summer of 1993 and have found myself 'exploring' areas of the state I probably wouldn't have otherwise discovered! SAR has been a lot of fun for me, and I plan to continue to grow and learn and improve my proficiency in this 'hobby' that has become a big part of my life. Back to Top
Web News by Tom Russo
Web development activity this month has centered around changing the structure of the database in the membersonly section. All of the database programs have been rewritten to use a powerful relational database query language instead of a simple flat database, so the functions that are available to us will be expanding Real Soon Now. Training data, evaluation data, mission data and so forth will be stored and used to automate some tasks which were heretofore done manually.

There are a handful of new training photos in the photo gallery. We will also be placing training handouts and evaluation forms into the membersonly area as they are created. If you can grab copies before trainings you'll save a little expense for the team. Each month the training handout for that month will be accessible directly from the membersonly home page. I have yet to decide where to put old handouts, but whatever I do with them it will be pretty clear where they are when you look at the membersonly home page. Back to Top
New Mexico SAR Entities by John Mindock
Here are abridged descriptions of entities that relate to NM SAR statewide.

New Mexico Search and Rescue Resource Officer

This is a paid position within the NM State Police, created as a result of the State SAR Law of 1978. This person coordinates all SAR efforts in NM. In addition to missions, he provides trainings for Field Coordinators, ICS Section Chiefs, and Mission Initiators (e.g., most State Police Officers). He also maintains a list of SAR teams in a document called the SAR Resource Directory. This Directory is used by Field Coordinators to locate appropriate SAR Resources for missions. This person also is required, per the SAR Law, to certify SAR personnel. The current SAR RO is Rick Goodman, and his office in the Emergency Management Center in Santa FE.

Policy and Advisory Committee for Education (PACE)

This is a committee of appointed volunteers who assist the SAR RO with education and certification. Their current responsibilities are State Field Certification and Section Chief classes.

New Mexico Emergency Services Council (NMESC)

This is a group to which most NM SAR teams belong. The member teams elect a Board each year. The Board's main duty is to arrange trainings in SAR topics, with emphasis on those that may be too costly or complicated for individual teams to handle. Each year, they sponsor a training event (lasting a full weekend) called the ESCAPE, where many SAR topics are offered. They also occasionally offer other trainings during the year.

New Mexico State Search and Rescue Review Board

This is a group of people from various professional backgrounds, appointed by the Governor. Their main duties are to formally 'recognize' SAR teams (thus allowing them to be listed in the SAR Resource Directory), review SAR missions (usually only those where there has been some controversy), and make recommendations to the SAR RO on SAR topics. Back to Top
Classified Ads (20 words maximum, no services)
One new Long-sleeved Orange Shirt - Size Medium. $13. This is the type most of us wear to missions. Contact John Mindock. Back to Top
Disclaimer the Editors
The information in this newsletter was gathered from many sources and presents facts as we believe them to be true. This newsletter is not meant to be an official document, but a means to disseminate team information.