Lost and Found... the newsletter of Volume 4, Issue 9
9 September 1999
Editors: Tom Russo, Mike Dugger,
and Susan Corban

Cibola Search and Rescue
"That Others May Live..."
Top of the Hill Boots and Blisters Business as Usual
Who's Who and New Member Spotlight Public Relations
Feature Article Web News Classified Ads
Recent Missions
Callout Information
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Top of the Hill by Larry Mervine
In performing the tasks of a search and rescue team, we are bound to have disagreements as to how these tasks are done. When disagreements do occur, some may be addressed by a long-time member who knows how the team policies were decided. Our team policies cannot possibly cover every situation we encounter on a search and rescue mission. So, do not hold back questions on the policies the team has chosen. We are always open to new ways to make our jobs easier, safer, and more efficient. The officers ask that you follow the Member Guide when you have a suggestion or a disagreement. Below is what the Member Guide says about bringing an issue to the team.

An issue may be brought by any member before the team at a monthly business meeting, or it may be brought to the attention of an officer of the team at any time. The latter is preferred, since the issue may have been addressed at an earlier meeting. In addition, discussing the issue with an officer before a general meeting will permit some research to be done and will allow discussion at an officer's meeting, if necessary. The issue may then be summarized for the team at a business meeting, discussion may be delayed, an ad hoc committee may be formed to gather additional information or the issue may be voted on. While the opinions of all active and prospective members of the team are welcome, when deciding an issue, only an active members shall have a vote.

Here's a little history on the Member Guide and Training Policy and Standards . The Member Guide was revised in 1998 when the team grew to 45 members and we wanted a clearer explanation of how Cibola Search and Rescue operated. Also, in 1997 we developed the Training Policy and Standards. A committee of team members with a lot of mission experience came together to identify the basic skills team members needed to be effective on searches. We feel the Training Standard has achieved this purpose.

See you out there. Back to Top
Boots and Blisters by Tom Russo
We had an interesting time on Saturday, 14 August, when members of the New Mexico Four Wheelers met 8 of us at Montessa Park to show us how to get more out of our four wheel drive vehicles. We learned a little bit about the limitations of each of our rigs, assessed our equipment, and learned a few tricks of the trade to help us get through an off-road experience a little more safely and a little more surely. I'm toying with some ideas about how we can get together to practice some of these things more often, and am open to some suggestions. One suggestion was a four-wheel drive bivy up in the Jemez, which sounds like a fun time.

Contrary to what I stated at our last meeting, the information that the frequency coordinator gave me was incorrect. Turns out that PCIA, the company that the FCC information told us to submit our 155.265 application to, was NOT the company responsible for doing public safety coordination. This sets back our license application to square one. When we receive our returned coordination fee I will resubmit the application to the correct place. In the mean time, please disregard the information I provided to you previously on the use of 155.265 and a temporary callsign. We apologize for the inconvenience. Had the FCC provided correct information on their website this would not have happened.

Speaking of station identification, congratulations to Joyce, KD5IAI and Terry, (callsign pending) on their new Technician-class ham tickets. We look forward to hearing you on the air. This brings our number of licensed hams to 15. Now please allow me to succumb to philoprogenitiveness long enough to brag a little --- congratulations also to Katarina Russo, age 8, on passing the written exam for the Novice license. Was there anyone left on the team who was thinking they wouldn't bother to study for the exam because they thought it might be too hard? To obtain a Technician-class license you need to pass both the Novice and Technician tests. Several members have gotten their Technician license in two steps, first studying for and passing the Novice test ("element 2") and then finishing up the next month by taking the Technician test ("element 3a"). Most, though, take both exam elements in one session, as element 3a isn't all that much more involved than element 2. Come on, hop in, the water's great.

Our next training will be on land navigation on Saturday, 11 September, a replay of the training Mike and I led at Cedro Peak in January. This is essentially an introduction to navigation with map and compass, but with an intermediate level field exercise to go with it. The class is designed to give new and old members alike something to take away with them, and everyone a lot of practice. To recap, we have a two-hour classroom presentation on topo maps, coordinate systems, magnetic declination, route selection, navigation strategy and resection. We then run right outside the classroom and practice terrain identification and how to use the compass to find bearings to landmarks. All of that is then put together to practice resection. Finally, we proceed to another location where we have a navigation course set out. Members are grouped into teams and shown a map on which several marks have been made. Teams then use their navigational skills to find the places in the real world that correspond to the marks on the map, and ring back a token from the marker we place in the field. To participate, you'll need a good compass, your SAR pack (especially the food and water from it!) and a map of the area.

The classroom location will be announced, and the training area will be at the Bear Canyon trailhead (east end of Spain). The Sandia Crest USGS 7.5 minute Quad map is the best one to use, but you could get by with the USFS map of the Sandia Mountain Wilderness. The past two times we ran this training the navigation course took at least three hours and often as much as five hours to run, and was physically (and navigationally) challenging. We think it is a fun training, and well worth spending the better part of a day on since it is good practice for the type of problems you might face as a SAR volunteer on a field assignment.

Hike of the MonthLa Luz to La Cueva Overlook0900, Sep 25, 1999
Trailhead: La Luz
R.T. Distance: 5-7 milesElevation Min/Max: 1200 ft gain
Hiking Time about 4.5 hoursHazards:
Topo Maps: Sandia Crest Quad
Hike Leader: James Newberry
I've never seen the view from the La Cueva Overlook during the day, so I want to do this hike before it gets too late in the season. We'll meet at the trailhead at 0900. I'd like to get back to the cars by 1330. Children and dogs (SAR and otherwise) are welcome.
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Business as Usual by David Dixon
As your new secretary I am going to resume this column as highlights from the previous month's business meeting. Please let me know if, after a few months, you think it's too much, not enough or juuuust right.

Larry introduced some new faces: Michael McDonald, Michael Read, Vince Garcia, Steven Schray, Refugio Rochin, Matthew Burke.

James Newberry and Paul Donovan are now active members. Jeff Phillips has had his orientation and is now a prospective member.

Mike reported on the current balance and circulated a copy of the expense report.

Tom reported that Joyce R., Susan C. and Paul D passed their ham exams in the past month. Tom also updated the team on the status of our FCC application to use 155.265.

Wilderness 1st Aid set for Oct. 30-31. The price was set at $100 per student, and a team subsidy was decided on for members.

3 people passed Land Nav. evaluation during last weekend's Summer Bivy. 13 Cibola members attended and passed last months ICS 200 class.

It was proposed and decided to stop giving carabiners out to prospective members, and to continue to give out lengths of webbing. We will continue to give out carabiners to new active members until the current supply runs out.

Fireside Chat on Outdoor Preparedness given on July 24th by David D., Larry M. and Don G. and next morning Hike at Elena Gallegos. UNM Day is on the 27th.

Next years Escape will be at Philmont Scout Ranch. NMESC would like to see more instructors from outside the New Mexico SAR community give trainings. Mike D. said that 5 Cibola members passed the recent Pace exam.

Gene Mortimer reported on gear donations we received.

Susan reminded everyone that prospective members can go into field only with an active field ready member.

Susan C. proposed, explained and read changes to the Member Guide including additions to Treasurer, Secretary and Membership Officer duties and specific changes to wording of Membership Section concerning standards and procedures for removal of member from the team. The proposal passed after some discussion. Back to Top
Who's Who and New by Susan Corban
This month's membership news includes two orientations. Katie Avery and Stephen Thrasher are geared up and ready to go on missions. Please help them out in the field. Back to Top
Public Relations by David Dixon
On August 24th it was time for our favorite recruitment event, UNM Day, when we try to stir the interest of some future members, young college kids ready to pop on a 40 pounder and go at it. And who better to stir than seasoned veteran Don G., loaded with SAR tales, and our newest active member James N. ready to relate some early excitement. Thanks especially to those two and Mike Dugger for putting up with the hot dogs, heat and coeds all day. One of those previous college guys, Jason M. also took time out from classes to help, Susan C. of course was right there with cookies for the troops and I showed up to take away all our stuff. I know we'll see a few fruits of our labors at an upcoming meeting.

In September we have Sandia Labs Family Day on Saturday the 25th where we'll set up our table and do some P.R./Recruitment work. Cibola probably owes its existence to the many past and present Sandia Lab members so like UNM Day this should also be a valuable event for us. See me if you'd like to share in the exciting world of Cibola Public Relations.

There were six new faces at our August meeting, a positive sign for our continuing efforts at recruitment. Hopefully more newbies are reading this right now at the September meeting. We welcome everyone and encourage those interested to stay with us. Back to Top
Member Spotlights
A native of Albuquerque, Eric Jaramillo is right at home in this little corner of the southwest. After graduating from Valley High School in 1988 (to let you know how old he really is), Eric joined the United States Navy and spent approximately nine years serving our country. Eric specialized in chemistry and radiological controls for the operation and maintenance of nuclear reactors. Sounds pretty interesting, but the most interesting part of the job was where it was performed, a submarine. Eric participated in many emergency response teams while in the Navy, and continues this today for Sandia National Laboratories. A health nut, Eric has been successful in many physical events. He won the New Mexico state wrestling championship, as well as qualifying as a Naval Scuba Diver. Currently, Eric is employed as a Radiological Controls Technician at Sandia National Laboratories, and participates in Sandia's Hazardous Materials Response team. Joining Cibola Search and Rescue is not only a way for Eric to give something back to the community, but is also a natural progression of the type of "emergency response" work Eric has performed for the Navy, and now Sandia National Laboratories. Back to Top
Web News by Tom Russo
No news is good news.
The team website can be accessed at http://www.cibolasar.org/
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Cibola medical policy by Tom Russo and Susan Corban
Since we're sponsoring a Wilderness First Aid course in October, it is important for all members, new and old, to reiterate our medical policy.

It has long been Cibola's policy that since we have no "doctor's protocols" under which to operate, we perform only those duties that do not require such protocols and qualifications. Cibola medical policy is in our Member Guide and is stated at each litter training. The Cibola Member Guide, which every member, old and new, should have, states:

Policy on rendering Medical Aid

The basic duties of Cibola SAR members are limited to the tasks associated with the location and evacuation of lost or injured persons. Cibola SAR team members do not provide medical aid. Individual team members who are certified by a State of New Mexico regulating authority (such as the EMS Board) may provide medical care consistent with the standard of care authorized by their certification. At such time, the individual would be acting under the authority of the certifying organization. When such an individual renders medical aid, he or she is operating under his or her own certification and is not acting as a member of Cibola SAR.

When we train and "certify" on litter handling we take great pains to make sure that members understand that what they are doing is training to follow the instructions of properly trained and certified medical providers. In fact, the handout that went along with each litter training in 1998 and 1999 has stated:

On medical decisions

Assessment of a subject is always performed by a qualified, trained medical provider (e.g. EMT). Ask the medical provider for guidance on special precautions that must be taken on account of any injuries the subject might have. When you have decided on how you will move the subject, explain your plan to the medical provider and make sure it is approved.

In short, defer all medical decisions to a qualified person, and follow any instructions they might give.

In case I'm being too abstruse, let me be clearer: the purpose of our training and certification process is, and has always been, most emphatically NOT to train you to make medical decisions, but to be competent to carry out the instructions of whatever properly trained and State certified medical provider incident management has placed on scene. That is to say, if an EMT in charge of the subject has assessed the subject's injuries and determined it is safe to move the subject, that EMT should be able to feel confident that each member of Cibola SAR understands what to do when told to get the subject loaded and secured into the litter, and that the subject will have a safe ride home when the litter is tended by Cibola SAR members; we'd like to imagine that they can also have confidence that the subject will have as comfortable a ride as possible, too. But at no time should any member of Cibola SAR who has not received a higher level of certification than any other EMT, nurse, or medical doctor on the scene attempt to provide medical care in contradiction with the instructions of that higher authority.

Our litter training and certification standard concentrates on the mechanics of litter handling, efficient transport, and making sure a subject actually stays in the litter once we put him or her there. Note that our litter training standard even stipulates that each member know how to tie a subject into the litter "[s]tarting with a subject laying in an appropriately padded litter on the ground." We would only get an injured subject into a litter after having been instructed by a qualified person, and we do not train on these methods short of describing methods that we have frequently been asked to use by EMTs and paramedics.

Will the WFA class change anything?

So, we're sponsoring a Wilderness First Aid (WFA) class. Does this mean we will start providing medical care? No. The WFA class will NOT change the Cibola medical policy in any way. A 16-hour class will only touch on the absolute basics of first aid. That means you'll only learn just enough get a subject out of immediate danger, things like stopping bleeding and minimizing the effects of shock. Again, you will never exceed the limits of your certification, and a 16-hour WFA class will indeed be very limited. Even a Wilderness First Responder, who attends an 80-hour class, has an extremely limited capacity to perform any sort of assessment on a subject, and, in any case, on all missions we'll attend there will be a more qualified person in charge of the scene (usually a Wilderness EMT or paramedic).

As always, if you have a question about Cibola training and certification policy that is not crystal clear from our Member Guide, contact any team officer for a definitive answer. If you are still not satisfied, simply bring it up at a meeting for discussion by the membership as a whole. Nobody has been bitten for asking a question at a meeting in years. Back to Top
Classified Ads (20 words maximum, no services)
ATLAS Hiker snowshoes, model 1033 (roughly 9" by 30"), used once. $175. Contact Rose Marie Renn at 291-6419 (home) or 844-9144 (work).

The following communications equipment and maps are available from John Mindock, former team member and President. He would like to make a single shipment of items wanted by present Cibola members, so please let Mike Dugger know if you are interested in something by October 30. This is the first day of our WFA class.


Midland mobile radio, model 70-336B

Uniden handheld radio, model SPH516D

Yaesu 2m mobile, model FT-2500M

Vehicle-mounted Radio Stacking System

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Disclaimer and Copyright notice the Editors
The contents of this newsletter are copyright © 1999 by their respective authors or by Cibola Search and Rescue, Inc., and individual articles represent the opinions of the author. Cibola SAR makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in these articles, and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made. Articles contained in this newsletter may be reproduced, with attribution given to Cibola SAR and the author, by any member of the Search and Rescue community for use in other team's publications. TML>