Lost and Found... the newsletter of Volume 5, Issue 11
9 November 2000
Editors: Tom Russo, Mike Dugger,
and Susan Corban

Cibola Search and Rescue
"That Others May Live..."
Top of the Hill Boots and Blisters Business as Usual
Pinching Pennies Who's Who and New Gearing Up
Coming Attractions Medical News Member Spotlight
Public Relations Feature Article Web News
Recent Missions
Callout Information
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Top of the Hill by Larry Mervine
At this time I would like to thank all the people who have worked to help make this a very good team. There are some team mates who I have appointed to do extra tasks who not always get recognized and who we sometimes take for granted. David Dixon, the Public Relations Committee chair, who setup and did a lot of Public Relations work for the team this year. James Newberry, the Equipment Committee chair, who keeps the gear in good condition and order. Mike Dugger, the Budget chair and who also takes care of any pager problems. Susan Corban who set up the WFR classes, found out what it takes to get a medical protocol, and found us a Medical Director. And Nancy O'Neill, who is the team's Continuing Education coordinator, keeping team member's medical certification records in order. Also, like to thank Tom Russo, Susan Corban and Mike Dugger for their work on the newsletter. These team mates have done extra work that makes this team better for it and as president makes me look good. So thanks again, again and again.

The weather report says snow is on it's way, better get your winter gear ready. Would not hurt to check your pack again to make sure you have warmer clothing in your pack. I also, keep a sleeping bag, down coat, wool hat, gloves and sweater in the truck all the times.

See you out there! Back to Top
Boots and Blisters by Tom Russo
Our next training is on Saturday, 18 November on low-angle litter techniques. It will include some packaging practice for those who reallly want it, but the concentration will be on rigging mechanical advantage systems, belays, lowering systems, and safety harnesses. The location will be announced on the hotline, but expect it to be on the west side of the mountain somewhere. Please be prepared with your full SAR pack, your 'biner and webbing (you did get your 25' of webbing from the team, didn't you?), and a rock helmet and climbing harness if you have one.

Doug Davenport, Terry Hardin, Steve Kolk, Chris Murray and Jeff Phillips came out to evaluate for Land Navigation on Sunday, 5 November. This one was a bit more challenging than most, because the mist obscured most of the more obvious features around Three Gun Springs trailhead. We did, however, pick a resection point that afforded a good view of features south of the freeway this time, so there was a good collection of features for resection if you played your cards right. This was the last Land Navigation evaluation for the year. If our next training officer keeps the same pattern of evaluations, the next Land Navigation opportunity will be in February.

I would like once again to point out how important it is for you to call the hotline and leave a message that you plan on coming out to evaluations. The purpose of this notification is to allow the training officer time to find extra evaluators if the number of attendees is large, and to cancel the evaluation with enough notice if the number of attendees is insufficient to conduct the evaluation. That means you need to call in at least a week in advance, not at 7 a.m. the morning of the eval or only in response to a desperate plea to "call by 9 p.m. tonight or tomorrow's eval will be cancelled." It isn't fair for the training officer to ask additional evaluators to help out the day before a scheduled eval. Neither is it a very nice experience to come to a search techniques evaluation where 15 people have shown up when the single evaluator has laid out a single course because he or she expected 5, nor is it very nice to have to cancel a litter eval that requires 6 or more attendees after three people have shown up at the trailhead. Please help the training officer out next year and remember to call the hotline at least a week in advance and leave a message if you plan to attend an evaluation session!

While on the subject of calling the hotline: remember that the hotline is the primary means of disseminating information to members. It doesn't work if you don't call it, though. We have, from time to time, activated the phone tree when a particularly important update happens, but we try to avoid that because most people object to having their pagers going off all the time or getting calls at all hours just to say "we have information, call the hotline." So please get in the habit of calling the hotline once a week. We have been trying to keep the messages updated at least that often, and at the very least we announce the date and time that the message was updated so you can hang up if it's an old one.

No hike of the month was submitted this month. If you have one in mind for future months, please contact one of the editors.
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Business as Usual by David Dixon


AMRC members Steve Ataway, his wife Nancy and Mark Beverly gave a presentation and overview of the Knife Edge mission in July.

Larry welcomes new people Rebecca Etherington, Ernest Gunther, Nancy Harbert and Mary Ann Romero.

Melinda invites everyone to their annual fall party.

Mike D. nominates Susan Corban and Tom Russo for President. Larry M. nominates David Dixon for Membership Officer.


October training is Search Techniques this Saturday.

There will be a Litter haul makeup on Saturday the 21st.

November Training will be on low angle litter hauling.


Andy Neilson is the newest prospective member.

If you change phone numbers or other information please let Susan know so member records and phone tree can be updated.

Susan thanks those that have done member profiles for the newsletter.


David reminds everyone that Secretary is now the only position that has no nominations and encourages everyone to think about running or nominating someone.


Mike gives monthly treasurer's report. Quarterly reports are also available.

As per last meeting's motion Mike set up an account at the State Employees Credit Union. Our old account at Wells Fargo will be phased out.


There are now 5 litters and bags all with orange numbered tags. # 1 bag would go with primary litter, #2 with backup, etc.

New batteries are now available.

Our old shirt logo is not available. Orange shirts at Action Uniform for those interested are $9 each for 10, $8 for 20. See James if interested.

Team needs foam sleeping pads for litter padding. See James if you have any to donate.


David thanks everyone who helped with PR events in September. Their efforts paid off as we had 16 new people at September's meeting.

Larry did a Search techniques presentation at the Boy Scout Jamboree in Chimayo. Thanks for representing us Larry.

PACE (Policy Action Committee on Education)

CSAR requires passing PACE in first year.The planned November 4th session in Socorro is still a possibility. Having or not having it is a factor for Cibola since we require it. This puts us in a bind if its canceled. If state decides to drop it we could decide to administer test ourselves and count it.


Discussion about the usual December party. The last 2 have been at the church and before that at member houses. Susan looked into some other possibilities: Zoo, Stoneage Climbing gym, Natural History Museum, or a memberís home.Cost, locations and day/time are considered and discussed. An informal vote is taken and about half interested in church, a few vote for a special place. Charlie Irland says his complex has space and he will look into it.

Everyone is encouraged to call the hotline every week or more.

Listserves are down until Tom can get them back up and running.

WFR supplies available for those who didnít get them all of them at last meeting.

We ran out of newsletters. Everyone should try to get newsletter off the web to cut down on production.

Tom is looking for a web helper. Read the news column and if interested contact him. Tom feels like there should be more than one person involved with it. Back to Top
Pinching Pennies by Mike Dugger
As mentioned at the last meeting, our new account with the State Employee's Credit Union has been established. It is actually two sub-accounts attached to a main account. One is savings, and the other checking. Most of the funds will remain in the savings accounts which draws a higher interest rate. Funds are easily transferred to the checking account to cover checks that have been written. This will afford us a better interest rate, and more free services such as online banking and transfer between accounts by telephone. Most of our cash was been moved to this new account shortly after the last business meeting. Checks have been ordered, and as soon as they are in we'll close our regular bank account and begin using this one.

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Who's Who and New by Susan Corban
Rich Lloyd, Tony Gaier, Art Fischer, and Aaron Hall are now active members of Cibola. Welcome aboard, Aaron, Art, Tony and Rich. We're happy to have you with us. And, Karen Cavanaugh has had her orientation and you'll be seeing her on missions. Welcome, Karen. Back to Top
Gearing Up by James Newberry
List of equipment available for Active and prospective members to use on SAR activities. ( For SAR use only)

Paratus et Vigilans Back to Top
Coming Attractions by Tom Russo
We've had a few people express interest in writing up refresher articles for the team's medical providers. Nancy wrote one this month on Frostnip and Frostbite, and I have heard that Mickey is also planning to gather information for a future article. If you're a trained provider and willing to write a review to help keep the cobwebs out of our noggins, please let us know. Back to Top
Public Relations by David Dixon
Last month was a slow one for P.R. so I will take column space to make an announcement.

After extensive introspection Larry Mervine has agreed to be Public Relations Committee Chair for next year. He will not be running for any officer position so he knew he needed to stay involved in other ways. One of his last official duties as President will be to approve himself.

Larry has been committed to PR for probably all of his years with Cibola and is as qualified as anyone for the position. I know that, in addition to any new ones he has, he will continue to advance our two primary goals of recruitment and community involvement. And since I have invested to much in those areas to leave I will stay on to help him.

I believe I speak for all of us when I say thanks Larry for your continued involved in many aspects of our organization. Back to Top
Medical News by Nancy O'Neill

Review: Frostbite and Frostnip

I am still working on the class lists for next year that we can take to keep current on our WFR certifications. The state still hasn't issued my CE Coordinator number, but I'm working on it. In the mean time I thought it would be good to review Frostbite and Frostnip. The following information is gleaned from Encarta online and the Medical website - www.emedicine.com. I hope this review helps.


Signs: Skin tissues with frostnip are usually not painful, are soft, resilient, and may appear red, yellow, or gray.

Treatment: Frostnip is treated with rewarming, this can often be accomplished by placing the frozen extremity against another person's underarm or against the abdomen. Avoid rubbing.

Prevention: Avoid tight-fitting clothing including footwear, which may impair circulation. Avoid Alchohol, which contributes to dehydration and impairs judgement, as well as caffeine and nicotine, which constrict blood vessels and therefore reduce the blood supply to extremities. Avoid refreezing at all costs: This can cause severe tissue damage. If blisters begin appearing during rewarming, this indicates a more severe degree of frostbite. See treatment for frostbite. Avoid folk remedies such as rubbing the affected area with snow, exposing the area to an open flame, or hitting the area (supposedly to restore circulation).


Signs: Frostbitten tissues may lose sensation, are cold, solid, pale, blue-tinged, waxy and wood-like. Tissues are not resilient and vesicles that contain clear or bloody fluid may form. Other information: Frostbite usually develops when the air temperature is below -12 degrees Celsius or 10 degrees Fahrenheit, but may occur at a temperature nearer the freezing point when other elements, such as high winds, dampness, or general chilling of the body are present. The onset of frostbite causes little discomfort and may not be noticed by the victim because the cold has an anesthetic effect on the tissues.

Treatment: Frostbite can only be treated in a controlled environment. Thawing and refreezing will result in significant damage. Frozen feet may be walked on if necessary. Once feet begin to thaw, avoid walking on them and avoid thawing and refreezing.

Frostbite develops in three stages: a reddening of the skin, formation of blisters, and finally death of some of the skin cells and the underlying tissues. Clots often form in the blood vessels. Mild cases of frostbite often result in chilblain; more severe cases may result in a dangerous gangrene. Free circulation of the blood inhibits the onset of frostbite. The body parts most often affected are the hands, feet (especially the heels and toes), ears, cheeks, chin, and nose. [Remember those pictures at Cy's class?!] Back to Top
Member Spotlight: Tony Gaier
Here's the short version ofTony Gaier's life story.

I spent most of my childhood in Helena Montana. We spent a great deal of our (family) vacation time camping in Montana and Canada. I enjoyed the outdoors and learned a lot about survival (because at that time in history you could walk a 100 miles and not hit a road or find another human!). When I was 17 years old I joined the Air Force. I have traveled and lived in many places in the world. The Air Force introduced me to SAR. I became a member of the Air Force's SAR team in 1984. I'm currently a helicopter Flight Engineer on the HH-60G, Pavehawk. I have always enjoyed saving lives and that good feeling it gives you inside.

I got my introduction to civilian SAR in the early '90s when I was hunting with some friends near Corona, New Mexico. We were approached by some members of the White Mountain SAR team and asked if we could help in searching for a lost boy. As I've learned since, it was a typical SAR. After searching all night the subject walked out and got a ride to a police station.

I enjoy hunting (most of my hunting trips turn into camping trips, due to the lack of getting anything), fishing, and camping. My wife and I show Beagles. We have been showing dogs since we got married and have done very well in the dog show world. If you're curious to see what our kids (beagles of course) look like, feel free to visit our web page at http://home.flash.net/~gaier/index.htm. We enjoy traveling throughout the United States showing our children off. Another hobby we do together is home improvement. Some day soon I hope to get home improvement shows banned from television! Back to Top
Web News by Tom Russo
Larry Mervine has volunteered to help out a bit with the maintenance of the Cibola web site; he chose to start simple and volunteer to help with mundane tasks like cleaning out the access log files to keep our disk usage within our quota. I handed Larry a broom and a mop, and the web directories have seemed a little cleaner lately. Thank you, Larry! I can use all the help I can get.
The team website can be accessed at http://www.cibolasar.org/
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Grand Canyon (Mis-)Adventures by Mike Dugger
Tom, Susan and I derived this super-minilesson from a recent wet trip to the Grand Canyon. We drove out with some other folks on Wednesday morning, October 25, and met another couple in Tusayan, just outside the south entrance to Grand Canyon National Park. From there we would take a 30-mile 4WD road to South Bass trailhead and spend the night. On Thursday morning, we would hike to the river, spend two nights, and hike out. We had a reservation in the Bright Angel Lodge for Saturday night, and would drive back to Albuquerque on Sunday.

Episode 1 - Feet

Cibola SAR members are always prepared for spending at least 24 hours in the field under any conditions, right? Right. The weather at the beginning of our trip was nice. Several days of rain throughout Arizona and New Mexico had just ended, but we had blue sky with only broken clouds for our drive out. The trip went exactly as planned all the way to Bass Camp. The 4WD road was rutted and wet in a few places, but we had no trouble at all getting to the trailhead. We spent the first night overlooking the rim of the canyon, under a sky thick with stars, with the Milky Way arching overhead across the canyon. The night was cold (~30F) but clear, and we got started hiking at 8:45 AM the next morning under sunny skies.

Descending through the canyon formations was beautiful. The smooth, tilted blocks we switchbacked through near the top led to the bright red plateau of the Esplanade, from which we dropped into Bass canyon proper. A couple of hours more brought us to lunch, and the first of the lessons learned from this trip. By this time, some people on the trip (happily, not SAR folks) were having trouble with their feet. Specifically, blisters and damaged toenails. This is not uncommon on steep downhills and uphills, especially after many miles of the same. However, people who have not hiked up and down a lot with packs on are not familiar with just how their boots can wreak havoc on their feet. I got to thinking about this in a SAR context, and realized that here too our feet are one of our most important assets in the backcountry. They are what let us complete our assignments, and what gets us home when the assignments are done. It sounds obvious, but always remember to take care of your feet. Blisters can ruin an otherwise enjoyable trip or mission. Wear two layers of socks - a wicking liner and a well-padded outer sock over it. Also pay attention to the development of hot spots while hiking, and take care of them right away. The few minutes spent preventing a blister will save your team time, and you pain, later on. If you do develop blisters, hot spots or toenail problems, consider how you might change your footwear to prevent them. For example, bruised or broken toenails (black and "loose") are very painful and can take months to grow out. They are caused by the toenail striking the toe of the boot and breaking below the skin. One easy preventative step is to keep toenails trimmed short (but don't do a long trip after just cutting your nails very short, or you invite ingrown toenails). Also important for prevention, boots should have plenty of room at the toe when laced tight. You should be able to wiggle your toes without them touching the very tip of your boot. I like to kick my foot to the back of the boot, lace across the top of my foot and put a knot right there before continuing to lace up my ankle. This keeps my foot from sliding forward in my boot and touching the toe. I also know from past experience that I tend to develop blisters on the insides of my heels, even with the proper socks and lacing. I now stick a small piece of duct tape around the back of my heel before putting on socks, and this keeps the friction on the smooth tape surface rather than my skin. I never get blisters or broken toenails any more. If a few iterations of this type of detective work don't solve your problems, then you probably need new boots. Never skimp here. A cheap boot that causes foot problems simply isn't worth it.

The remainder of the hike to the Colorado River was uneventful. Once we got there, most of the group was wiped out from the hike down and spending another hour scrambling around a plateau about 200 feet above the river, looking for a way down to a campsite. A steep scramble down boulders led to a beautiful little beach. Tom, Susan and I made the scramble down and had the beach all to ourselves.

Episode 2 - Rain

Our story continues on the morning of Friday, October 27. Tom, Susan and I awoke on the beach to gray skies. Shortly after breakfast the rain began. Not a hard rain, but steady. The weather forecast the day before we left had been for partly cloudy skies and no rain through the weekend. The rain itself was no big deal, since we were prepared for wet weather as always. We hoped that it would clear within a couple of hours, though, so we could enjoy our day bumming around on the beach and watching rafters go through the rapids. No such luck. By noon, there was no end to the rain in sight and we got bored standing around in our rain gear or lying in our tents and bivys. The rest of the group planned to hike part way out, based on the way some of them were feeling, and make the trip back to the rim in two days. We decided to pack up and start hiking toward the top as well, more or less to have something to do. The "beachcombers" left about an hour after the rest of the party had departed their campsite on the plateau above the river. Packing up in the rain always results in gear getting a little damp. Just before dark, Tom, Susan and I caught up with everyone else in Bass canyon, about a 45-minute hike below the Esplanade. Tom and Susan still felt fresh and decided to continue to the top, hiking the last few hours in the dark. I was feeling less energetic (I now think my return to altitude just 2 days before this trip was a problem) and opted to camp with the rest of the group in Bass canyon, hiking out the next morning.

It was cold in the canyon. The rain stopped about the time we made camp, and the waterfalls coming down the canyon walls shut off a short while later. A few snowflakes hit the tent during the night in Bass canyon. I learned from Tom and Susan later that the rim got a few inches of snow. This brings me to the second lesson learned. I lined my pack with a garbage bag, and had a waterproof pack cover over the whole thing. However, under these conditions it is simply impossible to prevent water from getting into the pack. To make matters worse, I had skinny-dipped in a pool at the base of a waterfall on the beach, and rinsed out my sweaty clothes. They were probably just about dry before the rain started, but quickly got soaked. I put them away wet. My extra poly long underwear was just in a stuff sack and wet, so I had to sleep in fleece. The next day, we awoke to a few more sprinkles that stopped shortly after we started hiking. It was still gray and cold, though, and we could see snow through the occasional breaks in the mist that hung over the canyon rim. I got hot hiking in fleece, but I had nothing else dry to put on. I ended up ringing out my poly long underwear and putting it back on. It was VERY cold at first, but I warmed up rapidly. Wearing that wet poly reaffirmed my confidence in our backcountry clothing requirements, since I was wet but warm. My lesson learned was to keep at least one set of warm clothing in its own ziplock bag, so it will stay dry no matter what.

Episode 3 - The Rescue

It turns out that the night Tom and Susan elected to hike out in the dark, they ran into another party of 3 hikers above the Esplanade. They had been day hiking, and got caught in the dark with just one tiny flashlight. They had gear and were dressed for a day hike, not to spend the night in the canyon, particularly as wet and cold as it was. Tom and Susan of course had headlamps, backup lights and batteries, and helped these three hikers make it to the rim. They had parked about 3.5 miles down the 4WD road away from the rim, and hiked back to their vehicles to spend the night. Lesson three - always make sure you have a light and extra batteries, in case you get stuck after dark. In some terrain it is dangerous to hike after dark, and without a light source you might end up unable to move until morning, having to spend an unexpected night outdoors.

Episode 4 - The Road

Needless to say, after all the rain and snow the road we came in on was now soup. To make it more interesting, one of the other vehicles got a quarter-inch bolt through the tread on the way to the rim and had only a very soft spare. He made it out well enough, but this could have been a major disaster. It took over 3 hours to drive out on that road, and if we needed to leave a vehicle there due to a flat it would have caused major logistical problems. Lesson four - periodically check your spare to make sure it is in good condition, and have a way to repair flats in the field. I had no problems, but I also realized that I do not normally carry gear to fix a flat. I now plan to add a set of rubber flat repair plugs, a can of flat fix spray, and a bicycle pump or 12-volt compressor to my off-road kit. None of our vehicles got badly stuck, but we did have some serious challenges on the way out due to deeply rutted, slimy roads. I did not have many problems, thanks to several Cibola 4WD classes (and perhaps years of driving in Chicago winters). Lesson five - get comfortable with the capabilities of your vehicle, and learn how to avoid getting stuck on 4WD roads.

The trip concluded with a night at the Bright Angel Lodge on the south rim, where we had hot showers, a steak dinner, and reminiscing. I can accept that with five previous beautiful trips to the canyon I was due for rain. I hope those who were first exposed to Grand Canyon hiking on this trip will not think of this as typical. For those of you contemplating a future trip to the Grand Canyon, I cannot recommend South Bass trail. There are much prettier areas of the canyon and the river access there is poor. Besides, nothing is worth traveling that road after the rain! Back to Top
Disclaimer and Copyright notice the Editors
The contents of this newsletter are copyright © 2000 by their respective authors or by Cibola Search and Rescue, Inc., and individual articles represent the opinions of the author. Cibola SAR makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in these articles, and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made. Articles contained in this newsletter may be reproduced, with attribution given to Cibola SAR and the author, by any member of the Search and Rescue community for use in other team's publications. TML>