Lost and Found... the newsletter of Volume 6, Issue 10
11 October 2001
Editors: Mike Dugger and Tom Russo

Cibola Search and Rescue
"That Others May Live..."
Top of the Hill Boots and Blisters Business as Usual:Meeting Minutes
Pinching Pennies Who's Who and New Gearing Up
Coming Attractions Mini Lesson Medical News
Member Spotlight Public Relations Bronze Boot
Statewide SAR Notes Feature Article Web News
Special Notes Disclaimer/Copyright Classified Ads
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Top of the Hill by Tom Russo , President
Thank you, all who attended and helped out with the mock search last month. It was a successful event, and everyone who's commented to me on it said they had a good workout. I don't know who came up with the claim that we want to do that on a quarterly basis, I think our wheezing collegue simply pulled that frequency out of his hat (or something). Still, I think we would do well to keep this a regular event, and keep inviting teams from around the state. Each time we do one of these we learn more.

Thanks to all those who were able to attend missions this month. It's been hard to keep ready for these things after our long dry period, but I'm glad we can still get good turnout when the time comes.

As James and Jeff have pointed out in this issue, it's time to think about who will be officers next year. Three of our officers have expressed that they definitely will not run for their current jobs again, and the other two would be happy to let someone else take the helm for next year. So please think of who on the team you would like to see performing the various duties. If you would like to be an officer yourself, or if someone has nominated you and you want to know what the jobs entail, take a look at our member guide; officer's duties are laid out pretty clearly there. Back to Top
Boots and Blisters by James Newberry, Training Officer
Happy Halloween Everyone!

I have a question: Which one of you super hard charging search and rescue folks are going to run for the Vice president/ training officer position? That's right, it's that time of year again. The deadline for officer nominations is rapidly approaching.

Here's whats coming up in the future for your training pleasure.

Oct. 14 - Land nav training- Bear Canyon(east end of Spain) 9 am Please bring along your very own map of the area.
Nov. 4 - Land Nav Eval- Bear canyon(east end of spain) 9 am Please leave a message on the teams hotline if you plan on attending. Also, if there is a brave soul or two amongst you that would like to become an evaluator. Now would be a good time.
Nov. 8 - pre meeting training- 6:30pm Winter gear, what and why we carry it.
Nov. 10 - dark time search techniques- 6pm- Bear canyon (east end of spain)
Dec. 8 - Search technique evaluation- 9 am Embudo(east end of indian school) please leave a message on the voice mail hotline if you plan on attending.
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Business as Usual:Meeting Minutes by Jeff Phillips, Secretary
I would like to congratulate the organizers of the 09-15-01 Mock Search on a splendid event. I enjoyed myself and learned several things. I like the crazy idea of doing these things quarterly but seeing what it took to put it on and knowing first hand from working on the 2000 version I know that's fantasy land. Kudos to the organizers.

Nominations for Officers are now open and will close at the end of the November Business Meeting. To make a nomination simply let a current Officer know. Shortly after the November Business Meeting active members will receive a Ballot by mail to be completed and returned on or before the December Business Meeting. At that time the ballots will be tallied and a new slate of Officers (and the Executive Board) elected, to take over team operations in January 2002. This is a great opportunity to serve the team and I encourage everyone to consider an office.

Minutes of 13 September, 2001 Business Meeting

Members Attending

17 Members, Larry Mervine, Tom Russo, Aaron Hall, Jeff Phillips, Terry Hardin, Andy Nielsen, Steve Buckley, Mike Dugger, Charles Irland, David Dixon, Chris Murray, Tony Gaier, Erik Aspelin, Lili Zeismann, Dennis Barnhart, Adam Hernandez and Mickey Jojola.

3 Familiar faces, Aidan Thompson, Don Gibson and Doug Davenport.

5 New faces, Don Codding, Denise Codding, Roberta Begaye and two did not sign the 211.

President's Report

Tom opened the meeting at 1922 with introductions. Tom made remarks about the events of 9-11-01 and the team shared a moment of silence in recognition of the tragedy.


Dave pointed members to the September Newsletter. He reported that there were 2 new prospectives, David Chapek and Jennifer Dellinger and added that the Phone Tree is changing frequently so keep up with it. Dave encouraged volunteers for Pager Handlers for the next few months.

Treasurer's Report

Brian was not in attendance but sent on information on the team's net income and net worth.

Training Officer's Report

Discussion of the 9-15-01 Mock Search and upcoming events. Check calendar and Hotline.

Equipment Committee Report

No purchases made as yet.

Public Relations Committee Report

Larry and three other members attended a successful UNM Day garnering interest from more than 20 people. Larry requested assistance with the October 20th Boy Scouts event in the Pecos area.

Medical/Continuing Education Report

Mike agreed to send the pre-course work that WFRs need to do prior to the WFR refresher course. The course will be conducted at Hodgin Elementary.

Old Issues

On the issue of team subsidy for attendance of WFR/WFA refresher: Mickey proposed - $100 reimbursement for all active members that attend and provide confirmation of payment to treasurer at or before October Business Meeting - Aaron seconded. Motion passed unanimously.

On the issue of how much to charge non-Cibola and "pre-Cibola orientation" attendees of the WFR/WFA refresher: Steve proposed - Charge $225 - Dave seconded. Motion passed unanimously.

New Issues

Nominations for Officers has opened and will close at the end of the November Business Meeting. The vote count will be conducted at the December Business Meeting.


Bronze Boot was presented to Steve Buckley for tireless work in preparing for the Mock Search event.

Meeting was adjourned at 2010 hours. Back to Top
Who's Who and New by David Dixon, Membership Officer
I want to remind everyone that there are only 2 trainings and 1 each of the evaluations left in the year. Many members still need 1 or 2 trainings in this time period to keep mission availability while a few others actually need them to retain their membership. And quite a few members need an eval or more also to stay field certified. We don't want anyone to lose mission availability or especially their membership for these reasons. Check the website database for your status. I have also given many of you a reminder.

Our newest prospective member is Jennifer Dellinger. Jennifer actually completed orientation last month but I forgot to include her in my column. Her mentor and tree top is Aaron Hall. Welcome to search and rescue Jennifer. You certainly have a great mentor to help you.

On the other hand we lost 2 members to resignations, Doug Davenport and Paul Donovan. Doug is back in school and hopes to have time for us at a later date. We wish him well.

Although we all knew it was coming Paul's departure is a big loss for us. I repeat here my team listserve posting of a few weeks ago.

Paul Donovan has submitted his resignation to Cibola. Most of us knew this was coming and recent events certainly quickened his departure. As with another recent member his contribution to this organization was outstanding and in that he deserves more than a simple goodbye.

Paul started with Cibola in early 1999 sprinting. His pace has only recently slowed. During his 2 years he was one of our top mission goers and if we had the sense to give the award every year he certainly would have been rookie of the year his first year. In fact Paul was often our "go to" member on missions, definitely not an arguable point from anyone who tried to keep up with him in the field. I had the good fortune to work with him on an overnight find on the west face of the Sandias a while back and he certainly helped make it my most memorable mission. Not only was his expertise always evident but his demeanor and positive attitude were great to have along. Although unpretentious, he humbled us all. In fact, Paul epitomized the quality, field ready member this organization strives to produce and have the sar community see.

In addition to his mission contributions Paul was also very active in trainings and bivies. He certainly worked to try and get everyone to his level. You knew if he was involved the event would be better. Recently, not being content to simply fly and follow his other pursuits he felt it necessary to start serious climbing and has bagged many of Colorado's 14'ers. A goal some of us would cherish in doing just one.

Paul Donovan's all too short time with Cibola will never be forgotten and the team can't say a big enough thank you. We wish him a save passage in the future. Oh to have everyone fighting for us a Paul Donovan.

We can only hope he retires here and rejoins. I have no doubt his pace will not have slowed a bit. Back to Top
Medical News by Mike Dugger and Mickey Jojola
We had a very successful medical class on September 27-30. Rosie Dixon was kind enough to allow Cibola to use the cafeteria at Hodgin Elementary school for our classroom on Thursday and Friday evening, and all day Saturday and Sunday. Carl Gilmore and Cy Stockhoff co-instructed an excellent class for us - many thanks to them for giving up a weekend to teach us. We had seven Wilderness First Responders taking a refresher course, and five more team members joined us for a Wilderness First Aid class on Saturday and Sunday. There were lots of patient assessment scenarios for the WFRs, and updated wilderness protocols including new procedures for asthma, CPR and breach childbirth. We also learned the basics of "START," simple triage and rapid treatment, for multiple injury scenarios. I know I really benefited from the refresher, and our WFA attendees gained some useful knowledge to help us take care of one another while on missions.

Answer to the Last WFR Question of the Month

Head trauma - What is it and how can it be defined and treated?

Trauma to the head can result in open wounds, fractures to the bones of the face and cranium, or less obviously to hidden damage to the brain from being impacted and "sloshed about" inside its rigid container. In some respects, the former types of injuries are somewhat easier to deal with in the backcountry since they are obvious. The skull is an extremely durable container, and very difficult to damage. Therefore, trauma resulting in open wounds or fractures represents a high probability of severe damage to the brain which may not be survivable in the backcountry setting. We must control bleeding, stabilize, and transport to advanced life support as soon as possible. Forces sufficient to cause this kind of damage to the skull are also capable of causing a spinal injury, so we must also take precautions for this.

More common, and potentially as dangerous, is damage to the brain from blunt trauma that may leave no or minimal external physical signs. The heart is capable of beating without a signal from the brain, but the lungs will not operate without nervous system control. Head trauma can therefore lead to respiratory arrest due to loss of nervous system control of the muscles in the diaphragm and chest. Red flags for head trauma include the loss of conciousness at any time, decline in mental status following the event, deformity of the skull, persistent severe headaches, vomiting more than once, antegrade amnesia (no memory of events after the injury), and feeling dazed, sleepy or nauseated. The real danger here is swelling of the brain due to trauma. Since it is inside a rigid container with no place to go except out the hole at the base of the skull where the spinal cord exits, swelling of the brain leads to increasing "intracranial pressure," or ICP. If a mechanism for head injury exists the subject should be monitored for signs of increasing ICP. If the patient has a confirmed concussion, evacuation should be started immediately rather than waiting for ICP to increase, as this condition is life-threatening and must be managed in a hospital setting. Increasing ICP can manifest itself over a period of 24 hours. Basically, as the brain swells the heart may not be able to pump blood at high enough pressure to overcome the pressure inside the cranial vault, and the brain is not adequately perfused with oxygenated blood. Some compensation is possible, as spinal fluid and blood move from the cranial vault to the spinal canal and surrounding vasculature, respectively. Eventually compensation is impossible and hypoxia of the brain results. Late symptoms include siezures, a maximally dilated pupil, and posturing (hands and feet turning in or out).

The Next Medical Question of the Month

What are the TWO types of ASR, and how can they be distinguished from one another?

Check here in the future for answers to this medical question of the month.

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Web News by Tom Russo
I have not added much to the website the last few months, but one thing I have added was the beginnings of a "debrief" of the mock search from last month. I hope to flesh it out a little more once I get a copy of the mission report from Don Gibson. A handful of members have submitted comments that I've added to the page, and I welcome more.

Please don't forget that the website has quite a few training handouts, and the "other interesting websites" page has links to informative sites all over the World Wide Web. I occasionally add new things to the latter page. Most recently I added a link to an article on "The Basics of Classical Datums" that tells more than you ever wanted to know about the origins of the map datums we've come to know (e.g. NAD83, NAD27, WGS84). Makes for some good reading when you have a half hour to kill.

Another useful link is the Federal Emergency Management Agency's ICS course, and I highly recommend that you go visit that one and download the textbook. I'd recommend signing up for the course, too --- it's free and self-paced, so you just download the book, read it at your own speed, then take a multiple-guess test.

I am willing and able to continue doing website management next year, but as always I would be delighted if anyone would like to help out. It's a geeky job, requires one to roll up one's sleeves and get Unix smeared all over you, and often requires forays in to the world of database administration and programming, but the website has become a pretty important part of our record keeping and it would be good for me to have some backup.

A gentler way to get into the web administration would be to volunteer to help edit this newsletter. Susan Corban and Mike Dugger have helped me a great deal over the past four years, but Mike's mostly working on the CE Coordinator's job and Susan ran off to play on rocks (sniff). Line forms to the right (the line for helping with next year's mock search forms to the left, I'm running out of directions here!).
The team website can be accessed at http://www.cibolasar.org/
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Disclaimer and Copyright notice the Editors
The contents of this newsletter are copyright © 2001 by their respective authors or by Cibola Search and Rescue, Inc., and individual articles represent the opinions of the author. Cibola SAR makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in these articles, and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made. Articles contained in this newsletter may be reproduced, with attribution given to Cibola SAR and the author, by any member of the Search and Rescue community for use in other team's publications. TML>